La Maison rouge (Fondation Antoine de Galbert), presents until May 20, 2018, two exhibitions that are worth seeing, both for people living in the Île de France region and for those who are only passing through Paris.
The first, Black Dolls, consists of 200 black dolls among the 1000 from 1840 to 1940 collected by Deborah Nef. Some of which are presented below.
These black dolls were made, between 1840 and 1940, by young girls or black women, most often for white or black children.
They are of a very great diversity, men, women, with varied clothes. This presentation of dolls is accompanied by period photos, texts and a short film remarkable to place them in the context of relations between blacks and whites in the United States.
Photographs and a short film complete the exhibition to identify their use …
The dopsy-turvy dolls are dolls that, when we turn their skirts, show their faces black or white.
Some, without clothes, face, arm and white trunk are welded by the trunk to another doll black trunk, arms and face.
They were allegedly made by black nannies for their children and / or the white children they cared for.
During a trip to Brazil, about thirty years ago, at the market, a saleswoman proposed this type of dolls that can be returned, saying: « the poor and the rich« . One, with a dark complexion, the poor doll, had a beautiful but simple dress, turning it, appeared another doll, the complexion clearer, the rich with a dress much more beautiful.
A few years later, Brazilian friends brought back a doll of the same type. The difference in complexion between the rich and the poor was far less obvious.
Hazard ? Évolution ?
This exhibition is not only beautiful by the dolls presented, It is also interesting by its presentation that tries to replace them, by texts and a short film in the context of relations between blacks and whites in the United States.
Ceija Stojla (1933-2013)
Ceija Stojka, an Austrian rom, was deported at the age of ten to the Ravensbrück, Auschwitz-Birkenau, Bergen-Belsen camps with her mother and siblings.
During the Second World War, 90% of Austrian Roma disappeared.
At the age of 55, she began to return to this period to give her testimony by texts, in many notebooks, some of which were published, and by drawings and paintings, more than a thousand, inks, gouaches, acrylic, of which 150 are presented in the exhibition.
These paintings were made between 1988 and 2012 over the memories. They are presented by chapters: When we drove …, The stalking … The camps … The return to life …
Some pictures of this magnificent exhibition.