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Référendum d’initiative partagée (Referendum of shared initiative) or requiescat in pace

Référendum d'initiative partagée  ou  requiescat in pace

At the request of parliamentarians, deputies and senators, and after consultation with the Constitutional Council, the government had to put in place the collection of signatures in favor of a possible referendum on the privatization of Aéroports de Paris.

The procedure of the referendum of initiative shared (RIP), established in 2008, is activated for the first time, on April 10, 2019: 248 deputies and senators (the law demands at least a fifth of the parliamentarians) of the opposition, communists, rebellious, republican, socialist, submit a bill for the group Aéroports de Paris (ADP) is considered a public service. On May 9, the Constitutional Council judges that the required conditions are respected and fixes the number of necessary supports to 4,717,396. The Ministry of the Interior opens the online platform to collect support for the bill whose collection is open until March 12, 2020 (1)(Referendum.intérieur.gouv.fr).

With modalities such as the first candidates to support the petition, probably the most motivated, have often had to do it several times! How many citizens have given up or will give up during registration?

The signature can be done also in some town halls. In each canton, the most populated municipality has been mandated to register them. It is therefore necessary to sign the petition by internet, either to go to the town hall of the town or to another town hall of the canton !! Additional barriers to support.

This petition is intended to support the organization of a referendum for or against the privatization of ADP.  Indeed, if the necessary number of signatories is reached, the National Assembly and the Senate will have six months to consider or not the proposal. If neither chamber examines the text, the President of the Republic must hold a referendum for or against privatization.


But if one or both Houses take the text, whatever they do, there will be no RIP. Given the government’s overwhelming majority in the National Assembly, it will be easy for it to put the proposal on the agenda and block the referendum and popular debate on privatization.

The government’s bad faith is focused on the democratic and political nature of the process. It wants to prevent any possibility of direct decision-making by the French people.

Référendum d'initiative partagée  ou  requiescat in pace

The RIP is a perfect demonstration of the democratic nature of the Republic: it must remain in its constitutional box. With even the intention proclaimed by the candidate Macron to facilitate its use (2). But fiercely attacked by his government and its supports from the announcement of a beginning of procedure: the Republic, at least the representative democracy, would be in danger if one applied a constitutional law put in place by the Parliament and whose procedure is triggered by parliamentarians !!!

If the RIP can not be applied without risk for the representative democracy, it is useless to speak about the RIC, referendum of citizen initiative wanted by the Gilets Jaunes ! The Giets Jaunes (Vests yellow) can not be deluded on the question: the RIC will not see the day …

The bad will of the government is explained. Some of its decisions, automatically endorsed by a National Assembly with orders, could be challenged by a RIP on the initiative of some parliamentarians.

What is much more surprising is the silence of the groups and parliamentarians who are behind this petition.

How many public meetings? How many collectives? How many leaflets? How many posters have been organized, published, broadcast? What made the interest of the 2005 referendum is not only the result, which was despised by parliamentarians. It is above all the popular mobilization which has been of political value and which has allowed the understanding of the Draft European Constitution, and its rejection by very many citizens.

Those who govern have learned the lesson. This profound movement of concrete democracy must not happen again.  Politicians and the media have understood that it is easier to amuse voters with policy-related issues like doping with sportsmen or with rivalry between candidates as they do for a sporting event.  If the candidate, once elected, does exactly the opposite of what he announced, there is no possible recourse for the fooled citizen.

It is not the same for a text that everyone can read, explain, dissect, publicly or in small groups. And refuse.

Référendum d'initiative partagée  ou  requiescat in pace
Référendum d'initiative partagée  ou  requiescat in pace

French democracy, like many others, is the power given to the oligarchs, the competents. Who know what is good for all. In their eyes, the people are competent to elect, freely, one of their interchangeable candidates. It is no longer able to read, discuss, understand a text and determine essentially according to this text. To vote after a real debate.
Emmanuel Macron does not hide his game. He has shown what he means by A Great National Debate.


The petition launched, the number of signatures obtained can have a considerable impact. It would be a serious political mistake to neglect to participate. It can change the ratio of political forces.
If the signatures are few, it will support Emmanuel Macron in the idea that he has carte blanche to continue his austere policy. Not only the privatization of ADP or any other nuclear company to hydroelectric dams but its liberal policy of destroying the state and social laws. As he already did for the labor code.
A successful petition will not necessarily stop the privatization of ADP. The procedure can be blocked at the level of the National Assembly. But a very large number of signatures, despite the governmental obstacles, will change the balance of power. Already, the battle of the Gilets Jaunes, even if they have not obtained satisfaction on everything – just think of the ISF (wealth tax) or the APL – requires Emmanuel Macron to be less brave and hold his whip …

The petition can show him that he can not always override the will of the people, that he simply has the choice to submit his policy to the judgment of the people that can be done by referendum or by …. new yellow, red, green or rainbow vests …

From this perspective, it is extremely desirable that collectives set themselves up to multiply signatures. The debate is important. It is not about the privatization of ADP alone or …

But on the possibility for citizens to take control of some of the power and to facilitate the realization that we can not leave in place a person who only defends the interests of some! Do not sign the petition, it is not only to take a stand for the privatization of ADP, it is to vote against the practice of the RIP, it is to leave the hands free to Macron.

Référendum d'initiative partagée  ou  requiescat in pace

The result would be terrible for Macron if millions of citizens claimed a real debate. The defeat would be terrible if the 4 million signatures were not obtained regardless of the maneuvers undertaken to limit the mobilization.

If the number of necessary signatures is not obtained, it means a wide avenue open to Emmanuel Macron on privatizations and not only …

The RIP will be able to rest in peace in the texts. The citizens will have been voted out. How will they react? What color will the next vests be?

Référendum d'initiative partagée  ou  requiescat in pace
Référendum d'initiative partagée  ou  requiescat in pace

1 – The citizen who wants to support the petition must, with his identity and elector cards , complete a questionnaire on his civil status. It should mention the information as it is written on his cards including all the first names.  The collection officially ends on March 12, 2020 at midnight. For now, the pace of collection of signatures is largely insufficient to obtain the number needed for success. See adprip.fr website


2 – On April 25, President Macron says he wants to « go further » on the RIP « by simplifying the rules, allowing the initiative can come from citizens, a million citizens who would sign a petition and that it can prosper in draft law and if it was not examined by the assemblies, go to the referendum « (L’Express 16/05/19).

Référendum d'initiative partagée  ou  requiescat in pace
Publicités

Brazil Solidarity

Solidarité Brésil
A gathering in solidarity with democratic Brazil took place today in La Villette.

A friend met, on this occasion, told me this half-joke: « In the Brazilian presidential election, some voted for a real fascist candidate thinking he was bogus, so as to avoid the election of a candidate they took for a true communist when he was only a phony communist. « 

Some pictures of this gathering.

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May the Tide rise

Que la Marée monte

After each event, the discussions revolve around the number of participants. With various estimates, inconsistent, all suspected, more or less correctly, of lies. From there, the comments of journalists, trade unionists, politicians are more of an exercise to satisfy the constituents than to open perspectives according to reality.

In meetings or small events where it is possible to count the participants, it is easy to see that the organizers declare numbers higher than reality, most often double, so as not to despair … For events concerning a few tens or a few hundred participants away from the masses and Billancourt … The truth is revolutionary but … within certain limits.

The numbers have 2 functions. The first: to satisfy the participants, to show that the decision was the right one, that we win, that we won …
The second: to check, to establish a more favorable balance of power.
The government and, we must hope, the unions and the politicians, make their analysis not according to the figures proclaimed but figures closer to reality.
For those who want to make comments from the encrypted reality, it should not be very complicated. In particular to compare the degree of mobilization. As far as Paris is concerned, the figures of the Préfecture de police and those of the organizers, which sometimes differed from 1 to 4 or 5, were available to satisfy, to encourage the militants … For some time, the observers have counted made by a private company for a group of newspapers from right and left …
Of course, these results are not absolutely reliable. And from this point of view, the company Occurrence announces, for September 12, 2017, 29,329 demonstrators, to unity, against the reform of the Labor Code in Paris, falls into absolute ridicule. But admitting an error of 10% in the counts of the Préfecture de Police and Occurrence, the results of these two counts are not very far and in any case closer than that of the organizers: 60 000.
Immediately, the independence and direction of the sponsoring newspapers and the agency were challenged. And the method used. There had never been so many questions about the police counting methods and of course even less about those of the organizers …
The reflection and the meaning of the demonstrations is partly masked by these comments on how accounts avoid talking about why events and their relative importance. This is in addition to the scrambling due to the action of the Black Blocs which are listed more material effects and how they act than the why ….
Is it so necessary to know the exact number of participants? To have a solid basis of reflection, is it not enough to take the series of figures produced by the same sources (Table 1) ? It’s easy to do for those of the Prefecture of Police and Occurrence. More difficult for the numbers proposed by the organizers especially if they are different according to the demonstrations because their imaginative capacity is different. Sometimes in competition.

Table 1: Participation in the various events of the spring of 2018 according to different sources of counting.

Day
Police Organizers Occurrence
22/03/18 49 000 65 000

47 800

24/04/18 11 500 50.000 15.300
01/05/18 34 500 55 000 CGT
05/05/18 40 000 160 000 FI 38 900
22/05/18 15 000 50 000 FO
30 000 CGT
16 400
26/05/18 21 000 80 000 CGT 31 700

For the events of this spring, according to the figures of the Prefecture, it was the March 22nd demonstration which had the most important participation, followed by that of May 5th (La Fête à Macron), which seems to confirm the enumeration of Occurrence. And for both, Préfecture and Occurrence, May 5th has gathered more people than the 26th … It remains to explain these post-modern mathematics invented by the left where 500 + 500 = 400!
François Ruffin and Dominique Lordon, followed especially by LaFrance insoumise, gather more people on May 5 than the 65 organizations, including La France insoumise, grouped behind ATTAC and the Copernic Foundation!

Is it necessary to attribute the success of La Fête à Macron, to François Ruffin’s personal factor associating youth, new methods, recent appearance in the political world? At the strong mobilization of La France insoumise… ?
Or the least mobilization of La marée populaire pour l’égalité, la justice sociale et la soidarité (the popular tide for equality, social justice and solidarity) of May 26, to a more traditional form, to a unitary call with the ulterior motives of each, the conditions of this unity, together but each at a different place… weariness in the face of repeated demonstrations, the strikes that continue without apparent decline of the government and the president?
Que la Marée monte

Be that as it may, the day of 26 was the day of an important national demonstration. By the number of participants in Paris, even if we would have liked it to be higher … But even if what happens in Paris always has a more important echo, the 26th, La Marée was also organized in 190 cities in France then that May 5 was only in Paris.
In a relative union of associations, unions (even if not all of them …) and political parties of the left, a relative union because these organizations were in the parade but not together.
Classically, in Paris, social demonstrations, policies against nationalization, attacks on social security …, are largely white, neighborhood populations do not participate or little. A touch of color is often brought by the presence of groups of undocumented (Les sans-papiers) or members of the CGT or Droit au logement (Right to Housing).
The proportions are reversed when it comes to struggles against facies checks, discrimination, police slippage. Or to claim a memorial for the victims of slavery …..

This time, the Adama committee had called to participate and take the lead of the procession. Popular neighborhoods have not landed en masse but it’s a start.

 

Que la Marée monte

Everyone knows now that the President of the Republic has chosen his side, that he attacks the popular masses on all fronts at the same time. That it is the same president who accentuates the desertification of the countryside (removal of hospital services, post offices …), persecutes asylum seekers, like previous governments, abandons neighborhoods with the setting in a drawer of the report Borloo that he had asked for, dismantled the labor code, reduced the number of civil servants, subsidized jobs and social budgets, attacking whistle-blowers, abolishing the PLA, privatizing and reducing taxes for the benefit of the richest …
May 26th was the first step, it is hoped that social, labor and political organizations are aware of the expectation of all categories of people. So that La Marée populaire pour l’égalité, la justice sociale et la solidarité (The People’s Tide for Equality, Social Justice and Solidarity) rises, from all sides, from all social categories, at the same time.

Some pictures of the event

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The party in Macron (La fête à Macron)

La fête à Macron

Français

The Fête à Macron, a festive event launched by François Ruffin and Frédéric Loridon, was a real popular success.
It is enough to note that the demonstration began on the Place de l’Opera (Paris) at 12:30 and ended Place de la Bastille … well, much later. How many people will have participated in the 5 or 6 hours of the event? And how to count them?

This is to say how difficult it is to make a reliable count by putting yourself on one or two points of the course when many of the participants came at the beginning only to picnic on Place de l’Opera, when others took the procession on the march or went directly to its terminus …

When we love, we do not count and it is useless to want to decide between the appreciations of the ones and of the others which go from more than 39 000 participants to 160 000! To say the importance of the event, just remember that the Prefecture of Police found more participants on May 5th than May 1st.

It must also be added that the authorities had announced incidents for the May 1st demonstration and that this coud cool some potential participants.

If the aggressive expression of Fête à Macron was able to shock some, what struck on the Place de l’Opéra, cleared of all car traffic, it was the festive calm … the picnic has invaded the steps of the Palais Garnier, the sidewalks and even the asphalt and the sellers of sandwiches, drinks, books in solidarity, the associative stands and music …

Of course, behind the quiet calm of a happy crowd to be there with the nice weather back, to say its rejection of right-wing and…  right-wing politics, the political battles continue. It was an event launched by François Ruffin and La France insoumise was everywhere but we could also note the presence, perhaps small in number but how symbolic of trade union formations and leftist politics.

This allows to hope for a manifestation, even more important, truly unitary, already announced for May 26.

Some pictures…

 

 

 

 

Place de l’Opéra

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Throughout the procession

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May 1st Unitarians

Unitaires du Premier mai

Once again, unity is not workers’ day. Neither at the union level nor at the political level. And the active Black Block participation occupies the media. Is there a link between the two phenomena?

The Unitarians are numerous, not only on May First Day.

The unity has long been between the governments of the European Union to impose the same austerity policy on all peoples.
Emmanuel Macron set out on March to accelerate this movement of questioning, frontal, of all social benefits for the benefit of the rich and especially the richest as his predecessor says.

Result of austerity for all in the countries of the Union: rise of the extreme right which also builds its European unity around the French far right, the first of May in Nice. With unity attempt with extreme right from immigration issues.

Meanwhile, the Unions can not organize a unitary parade because of a deep division between those who hope for a softening of this or that point of Macronian counter-reforms and those who wish defeat them, overall.

Leftist parties are not left behind.
On April 30, on the Place de la Republique in Paris, 9 organizations of the left, and they were not all there, proclaimed in front of a few hundred participants, in the rain it is true, more or less incantatory slogans : necessary unity, of course, convergence of struggles, general strike … And called to participate beyond the parade of May 1, with more or less enthusiasm, to the many events to come: May 3, for the education, May 5, Feast in Macron, May 22, demonstration and strike of the civil service …

Faced with the power of the European Union, the failure of multiple strikes and demonstrations in the face of the weak Francois Hollande, the affirmed determination of Emmanuel Macron, the lack of trade union and political perspective, the wide dissatisfaction that affects all layers popular social networks can not fully express themselves.
The social hardening is reflected, at the level of the organizations, by a change of leader to F.O. Among the protesters, by the demand for a general strike, a slogan which, for the moment, is not taken up again, neither by the trade unions, nor by the mass of the workers

 

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At the political level, if the multiple parties verbally support the movement, it did not translate during the parade of May Day in Paris, by a massive presence of militants. Some say it was different in the regions.

On the Place de la Bastille, before the parade, several parties were present. On the course, some had stands. In the parade, only persisted, the PCF and its national secretary. The others had to withdraw before they could scroll. As for the international presence, it consisted mainly of Iranians, South Americans, Tamils, Turks, the Portuguese Communist Party …

For some, mostly young people, it means changing the method. The participation of the Black Blocks is the expression of this impatience. Without it being a majority, nor that it is assured of greater efficiency. But, formally directed against the government and even more against the system, it calls into question the inefficiency of all trade union and political organizations.

This involvement of the Black Blocs was known and announced by the government, which seems to have underestimated its importance. Rumor and social networks announced international participation.
Black blocks and police knew and prepared accordingly. A banner showed: this time we are organized. The police to neutralize the Black Blocks had prepared the technique of the trap, police practice of control
 (https://lundi.am/Kettling).

The two seem to see relatively worked because the Black blocs, about 1200 people, well organized, managed to tackle 29 shops and 10 cars, to burn 2 shops and 6 cars, according to the Paris police headquarters.
For its part the police trap allowed the arrest of 276 protesters of which 109 were placed in custody. With 4 minor injuries (one CRS and three protesters).

Black blocs

Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai

Since Tuesday, the comments are going well but the spectacular side of the action, shown in chain on television and on the networks, insist much less on the motives of the ones and the others, the Black blocs which, in some declarations or by graffiti, claim to want a radical change in society and traditional protesters who oppose the widespread attack of public services and social benefits.

The violence of the Black Blocs is mostly condemned in the declarations but like all the social violence, the moral condemnation, the police repression are not a satisfactory treatment.
First, moral condemnation and police repression have not yet proved their effectiveness. Would they do that they would only make disappear one of the signs of the deep social crisis.

In their questionable way, the Black Blocks testify to the level of exacerbation that social discontent can have in some of the youth. This dissatisfaction is also reflected, in the population as a whole, by the vote for the extreme right or the abstention which reach very high levels in France and in most democratic countries.

No one can say if, where and when the alarm will take place.

Here are some photos of the May Day parade in Paris.

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Activist lily of the valley

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International solidarity

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Graffiti

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The Mac Do

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And some more pictures

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Là-bas, si j’y suis

Français

Daniel Mermet recorded his program on May 68, Tuesday, April 10, at 19 hours, at Lieu-Dit, in the Twentieth

Some pictures of tray
Outside and inside the Lieu-Dit

Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit
Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit

The recording of the show with

 

Ludivine Bantigny, an hitorian of May 68

The caregiver (LO) who arrested Emmanuel Macron in Rouen

A trade unionist (SUD) from Paris-Nord Station

A student in History of Art, from La Commune libre de Tolbiac

Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit
Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit
Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit
Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit

Daniel Mermet and Hossein, the discreet and efficient master of places

Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit
Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-DitLà-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit

And the singer of the day Charlotte.

Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit
Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit

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APPLE contr’ATTAC (Apple counter attack)

APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC

  On December 2, 2017, at the end of the year purchases, activists ATTAC (Association for the taxation of financial transactions and for citizen action) occupied, peacefully and uncovered, for 3 hours, the store Apple, Place de l’Opera in Paris. In response, Apple is filing a lawsuit for imminent risk for Apple, its employees and customers during these operations, in court the Paris TGI.

  Apple wants to prohibit ATTAC entry into its stores under penalty of 150 000 per offense.

 

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Monday, February 12, at the trial filed by Apple, ATTAC – Multinationals will not silence us – called its supporters at a rally in front of the Palais de Justice where the trial was held: a peaceful and festive gathering, as usual, with ATTAC.
On the theme, The Empire counter Attac.

Aurélie Trouvé, porte-parole d'ATTAC
Aurélie Trouvé, porte-parole d'ATTAC

Aurélie Trouvé for ATTAC

 

Some information provided in the documentation distributed on this occasion in particular in 20 Mille luttes (1).

On a $ 649 iPhone7, the margin is $ 400, or $ 249 for manufacturing.
Workers in China work on average 60 hours a week…
Moreover, 70% of profits are made internationally by paying only 2.3% of taxes.
Thanks to its tax perfection, between 2003 and 2014, Apple has benefited from a near zero taxation … 0.005% !!!
The European Commission has fined Apple $ 13 billion in August 2016: Apple refuses to pay.
Apple has been sentenced to 2 fines in France following two tax audits: $ 12 and $ 400 million: Apple has $ 230 billion in tax havens.

APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC

 

Rubric jobs offer  of  »20 mille luttes »:
  Following many suicides in its Chinese factories, Apple hires European entrepreneurs, victims of austerity.
Discover our next products in preview by coming to assemble them yourself in our factories Foxconn.
Travel in container ship. Waves in apples.

 

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  If Apple is an expert in tax matters, it is not the only company that plays tax optimization ie tax evasion, legal fraud …
According to an inquiry committee of the European Parliament, the European Union would lose each year 1000 billion euros in tax and social revenues (here they are social fraudsters): the equivalent of health expenditure of the 28 countries of the EU, because of companies for two-thirds and individuals for a third. In France, it is 60 to 80 billion euros.   ATTAC conducts citizen actions to demand multinationals (Apple, BNP Paribas, Ikea, Engie, MacDonald’s, Societe Generale, Starbucks, Total or Zara) make money diverted and pay their fair share of taxes in the countries where they operate.
These companies are, for the moment, only slightly worried.
It is the whistleblowers who find themselves in court!
But if slight progress has been made, it is thanks to them and to the work of some journalists, to citizen actions (chair mowers, voleurs de chaises de la BNP …).

Much remains to be done

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  Multiple organizations have given their support, some representatives have spoken after Aurélie Trouvé: Eric Coquerel (LFI), Sophie Binet (CGT), Yannick Jadot (EELV), Eric Beynel (Solidarity), the MNCP, Olivier Besancenot (NPA) , Isabelle de Almeida (PCF), Miguel Urban (Podemos, Spain), Emmanuel Poilane (Crid), Veronique Ponvert (FSU) …
Benoît Hamon who could not come and other personalities or movements had sent a message.

 

  Some images of speakers

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SONG OF THE EMPIRE

We at Apple to pay no taxes

we have found brilliant methods

relocation of profits in paradise ...

It's profitable, it's profitable.

We do not care about working conditions

so imagine ... then tax justice

We at Apple we bypass the laws

we pay lawyers handsomely for that

social and environmental disruption this is

not moral ... but it's very profitable very

profitable


 

SONG OF THE ALLIANCE

Aaaaa...ttac

always you will fighteeeeeeeeeer

never you will blend

against Apple


 

SLOGAN

IT'S NOT THE ASSO ATTAC THAT IT

MUST JUDGE, BUT IT IS APPLE AND

ALL THESE BILLION ESCAPED

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Quelques personnalités

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APPLE contr'ATTAC

1 – Edited by www.iphonerevolt.org

NB :  I did not see all the personalities who spoke at the end of the meeting.

News (exiles) at Le Parc de Belleville

News at Le Parc de Belleville

Actualité au Parc de Belleville

Français

 The Parc de Belleville is a success.   It is located on the heights of the twentieth arrondissement of Paris, in the heart of a popular district that has hosted various waves of immigration for decades. It is one of the densest neighborhoods in Paris, a mix of people of all origins, in perpetual motion.
When the weather is nice, it welcomes those who want a drink in the sun, take a seat on the lawn, very busy on beautiful summer days, enjoy the cool with the long fountain cascading … On the Belvedere square or in the outdoor amphitheater, parties or meetings with artists or associations of the district are organized.
In this ecological garden, very well maintained by the good care of a benevolent gardener with the plants and the visitors, there is place for the lovers … of Paris, in stroll, the solitaires who seek a bench to dream, the lovers of reading, dancing or tai chi-chuan or tourists who come for the view of Paris. For young children, a wooden village awaits them where they can climb, hide, slide … Young and old have at their disposal hard tennis tables.

 

Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
 The Park can be closed in case of bad weather, especially in high winds, but it is also beautiful in the dialogue of the sun and the snow even if the snow masks the diversity of plants and trees … and brings the cold.
With the cold and the snow, the press spoke of too many people sleeping outside in Paris. Especially young, isolated exiles in eastern Paris. There is night, the cold. There is also hunger.
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville

  The Parc de Belleville is in eastern Paris. And in this park, since the spring, isolated young people, exiles, come to have a hot meal. Thursdays and Fridays at noon, they are one hundred to one hundred and fifty, many after a French class they follow in the neighborhood. For some time, Saturday and Sunday, a little less numerous.
They do not serve Ramponneau’s piquette but a meal, with a hot dish, a dessert made of cakes, fruits, sometimes treats and drinks, water, fruit juice or hot tea. Teams take turns to ensure, every day at least a hot dish, supplemented by what can bring people from the neighborhood. The park is beautiful under the snow. A little less in the rain and when it’s cold.
Ping-pong tables, hard, unexpected use by garden architects, are a moment diverted from their primary purpose. They become distribution tables and picnic partially sheltered by a temporary canvas …

Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville

Will the Parc de Belleville, the ping-pong tables, the people who bring a little food to these young people be pursued for misappropriation of public good, crime of solidarity?

 

Actualité au Parc de Belleville

Women’s long struggle for equality (2)

La longue lutte des Femmes pour l’égalité (2)

Taking the opposite view of Albert Einstein, some people, in favor of authorizing ethnic statistics, say that which is not cunted does not count (1). Statistics, beyond the equality proclaimed, make it possible to show the gender inequalities in the facts and the slow progress towards equality in different domains.

Politically. The proportion of women in the European Parliament is gradually increasing from 16.6% in 1979-84 to 36.6% in 2014-19. This proportion varies from one country to another, at the lowest, in Poland, Hungary, Slovakia and Bulgaria (respectively 17.7%, 19.1%, 23.1% and 23.5% of European women deputies). ), Sweden and Finland (55% and 53.9%). France is with 43.2% is in fifth place (2).

« Toute l’Europe » published, in September 2017, information on the proportion of women in national parliaments, the lower house only (in France, Assemblée nationale). Again, Sweden and Finland top the table with respectively 43.6% and 42% women Members of Parliament, Spain comes in third (39.1%). But these countries are only, respectively, 6th, 9th and 14th in the world ranking. At the bottom of the table are Latvia (16%), Malta (11.9%) and Hungary (10.1%). With 38.8% of women deputies, France comes fourth (3).

In France, the proportion of women in the Senate is lower than in the Assemblée nationale: 31.8%. However, it has been steadily increasing since 2001 (Table 1)

Table 1: Number and Percentage of Women in the Senate (4)

Election

Number

Percentage

2001

35

10,9 %

2004

60

18,1 %

2008

75

21,9 %

2011

77

22,10%

2014

87

25,0 %

2017

110

31,80%

Regarding the ministerial posts, for the 28 States of the Union, the proportion of women is only 25%. On the first of July 2017, two countries have more female ministers than male ministers: France (58%, excluding secretaries of state) and Sweden (52%), followed by Slovenia (44%). At the bottom of the table, Malta and Slovakia (14%) and Cyprus and Hungary who have no women at the head of a ministry (5).

After the last cabinet reshuffle, the French government, consisting of the Prime Minister, is made up of 20 ministers, 11 women and 9 men, and 12 secretaries of state, 7 men and 5 women, ie 32 posts equally distributed.

If inequalities slowly fade at the level of deputies and ministers, we are still far from the mark in certain functions. Despite the parity law of June 2000, 83% of outgoing mayors in 2014 were men (6) and 87% of the top of the 2014 municipal elections (7).

La longue lutte des Femmes pour l’égalité (2)

he situation is evolving even more slowly at the social and economic level.

In the European Union, the average wage gap between men and women, which was 17% in 2012, increased to 16.7 in 2014 and 16.3 in 2015. However, depending on the country, this difference varies from 5.5 to 26.9%. In Italy and Luxembourg (5.5%), Romania (5.8%), Poland (7.7%) and Slovenia (8.1%) the gaps are the lowest, the largest are Estonia (26.9%), the Czech Republic (22.5%), Germany (22%), Austria (21.7%) and the United Kingdom (20.8%).
France is in the middle of the table with 15.8% (8).

In France, entrepreneurs are mostly men: 60% of autoentrepreneurs, 75% of managers of limited liability companies and 83% of salaried managers of other companies, according to INSEE (9). The proportion of women decreases as the size of the enterprise increases: 37% of people working alone in their company, 28% in companies with 2 to 4 people, 16% in companies with 20 to 49 people and 14% in companies with businesses with 50 or more people. They are fewer in these positions and earn less: 31% less than men. What INSEE explains by fewer hours worked over the year (10)

Alternatives économiques examines the proportion of women and men who have a managerial position based on their academic background (Table 2).

Table 2: Percentage of women and men framework according to the diplomas

Niveau

% women managerial staff

% men managerial staff

Bac+2

8,6

23,4

Bac+3 ou plus

35,9

62,2

At the equivalent level, the employment rate of women is lower than that of men and women are less often managers than men. In total, men’s incomes are more than 30% higher than those of women at all levels of education and even reach 46% for holders of Bac + 3 and above. These inequalities appear from the beginning of the professional activities and increase thereafter: which means lower income for women by 25% compared to men at 25 and 64% at 65 (11)! For the positions of CEO, if we believe LeFigaro, things do not seem to improve. In 2015, just under one in five companies changed CEOs globally, the highest rate in 16 years. On this occasion, of the 359 new appointments, 10 were women, or 3% (12).

In terms of wages and employment, the road to gender equality will be long.

La longue lutte des Femmes pour l’égalité (2)

Women’s long struggle for equality (1)

La longue lutte des Femmes pour l’égalité (1)

The day of November 25 is dedicated by the UN to violence against women. This year, it has had a significant impact. Probably because it was coming after the Harvey Weinstein affair. It is to be hoped that, one event chasing the other, the question will not be forgotten until next year.

In 1993, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, and in 1999, on 25 November, was proclaimed International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, in remembrance of the assassination, sponsored by the dictator Rafael Trujillo, of the three Mirabal sisters, Dominican political activists, on November 25, 1960.

 Some figures, published on the occasion of this day, give an idea of the extent of the problem.
According to the United Nations, data from 87 countries from 2005 to 2016, 19% of women aged 15 to 49 report having experienced physical or sexual violence by an intimate partner in the 12 months preceding the survey (1).

In the European Union, in 2015, 215,000 sexual crimes were reported to the police, one-third of them rapes. The victims are women in 90% of the cases and 99% of those imprisoned for these crimes are men.

In France, the police registered 16,741 complaints, nearly 50 sexual assault reports and 31 rape complaints per 100,000 inhabitants (10,729 complaints in total).
All these figures probably underestimate the importance of the phenomenon because they only count the cases reported to the police (2).

Beyond the case, we must not forget a permanent and universal phenomenon. In the UN survey, cited above, in 2012, nearly half of the world’s female homicide victims were killed by an intimate partner or family member, compared with 6% of men.
In France, two women die every week and one man every two weeks because of violence in the couple.

The main cause, for homicide men, is the refusal of a separation in progress or that has already taken place. For women, often victims of previous violence, it is the occasion of yet another dispute (3).

In 2014, La Croix reported a survey of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights on 42,000 Europeans: one in five women reported being victims of physical and / or sexual violence. For France, one in four women. And three out of four French women have been harassed against one in two in Europe. Nearly one out of two had to deal with physical, sexual or psychological violence in childhood against a third of Europeans.
Surprisingly enough in this study, the Scandinavian countries, Finland, Sweden, are rather misclassified. More than the importance of violence, this would translate into a more free speech of women, more aware (4).

Whatever the studies, the results do not make it possible to establish a track record between the countries because the figures collected depend enormously on the conditions of collection of information, sensitization and general attitudes towards sexual violence. They only allow to highlight and the ubiquity and the importance of the problem.

Sexual harassment, rape are widespread in time, they do not date from yesterday, and in space, social classes, countries, continents.

La longue lutte des Femmes pour l’égalité (1)

The Harvey Weinstein affair played a special role this year, because Hollywood’s most powerful film producer thought himself untouchable and had a behavior that everyone knew was particularly hateful.
For this behavior to be denounced in the press, it took women who have a certain social surface to publicly assume their accusation.

Two well-known women journalists: Megan Twohey, who helped uncover, among other things, the behavior of Donald J. Trump towards women and Jodi Kantor, a specialist in gender and labor issues that followed the US presidential campaign of 2008 , who challenged Harvey Weinstein, in the New York Times on October 5, 2017. They were relayed on October 10 by an article by New Yorker Ronan Farrow.

In total, Harvey Weinstein has been publicly charged with sexual harassment, offering to promote their career for sexual favors, wanting to buy the silence of some of his victims for large sums and rapes, which many people knew, by more than 70 women, mostly actresses but also employees, journalists, producers, models who felt strong enough for that.

These behaviors are more prevalent among women in situations of weakness for whom it is difficult to protest. Sometimes, it is the victims who are condemned! In 2007, a MeToo campaign was launched to denounce sexual violence, particularly against visible minorities. Without much success (5).
This year, following articles in the two prestigious newspapers, an American actress is proposing to resume the #metoo campaign to share stories of sexual and gender-based violence in different media. Other personalities are implicated. From there, other women rose, all over the world ..

This campaign is taken over in France in the form #BalanceTonPorc so that fear changes camp. It’s a quick success. And #MeToo and also taken in 85 countries including, after the United States, the UK, India, Pakistan, Japan … But still in other languages and countries: in French in Canada, in Arabic, Tunisia, Egypt, Dubai: أنا_كمان, China: # 我 也是, Spain: # YoTambién, South Korea: # 나도, Vietnam: # TôiCũngVậy, Israel: גםאנחנו # (UsAussi), Italy: #QuellaVoltaChe (TheTimewhen)

The messages broadcast report facts from words to rape through harassment, aggression … in different professional circles (entertainment world, politics, finance, sport …), school, family, sometimes by designating known personalities. Some of whom resign from their job …

La longue lutte des Femmes pour l’égalité (1)

In this story, the insightful philosopher Alain Finkielkraut immediately sees the profound meaning of the operation one of the objectives of the campaign #balancetonporc was to play the fish of Islam.
Certainly, it is conceivable that the denunciation of people and the elegant form of the French #BalanceTonPorc shock him. It is much less acceptable that he underestimates the seriousness of the facts, the hierarchical blackmail, the rape, the murdered women …, that it minimizes the courage of these women who expose themselves.
He could have recognized, for once, the benefits of the opening of studies, here and elsewhere, to thousands of girls who, little by little, have acquired the cultural, professional, economic means of their independence.

In 1965, I was very surprised to find in an amphitheater of the faculty of letters in Toulouse that the vast majority of the audience was female! I came to the conclusion that it had to be translated, one day or another, at the level of society. I did not know how

Quite simply, for fifty years, women have taken charge of struggles for their liberation, their autonomy and equal rights. That this poses problems for some people, for society … it is obvious, but liberation poses always problems. A new balance is to be found.

Now, we must hope that this event does not fall into oblivion until the next case. That it will favor, at least in certain societies, the evolution of mentalities not towards a war of the sexes but towards the invention of a new living together, more balanced.

La longue lutte des Femmes pour l’égalité (1)