Archives pour la catégorie Actualité

The party in Macron (La fête à Macron)

La fête à Macron

Français

The Fête à Macron, a festive event launched by François Ruffin and Frédéric Loridon, was a real popular success.
It is enough to note that the demonstration began on the Place de l’Opera (Paris) at 12:30 and ended Place de la Bastille … well, much later. How many people will have participated in the 5 or 6 hours of the event? And how to count them?

This is to say how difficult it is to make a reliable count by putting yourself on one or two points of the course when many of the participants came at the beginning only to picnic on Place de l’Opera, when others took the procession on the march or went directly to its terminus …

When we love, we do not count and it is useless to want to decide between the appreciations of the ones and of the others which go from more than 39 000 participants to 160 000! To say the importance of the event, just remember that the Prefecture of Police found more participants on May 5th than May 1st.

It must also be added that the authorities had announced incidents for the May 1st demonstration and that this coud cool some potential participants.

If the aggressive expression of Fête à Macron was able to shock some, what struck on the Place de l’Opéra, cleared of all car traffic, it was the festive calm … the picnic has invaded the steps of the Palais Garnier, the sidewalks and even the asphalt and the sellers of sandwiches, drinks, books in solidarity, the associative stands and music …

Of course, behind the quiet calm of a happy crowd to be there with the nice weather back, to say its rejection of right-wing and…  right-wing politics, the political battles continue. It was an event launched by François Ruffin and La France insoumise was everywhere but we could also note the presence, perhaps small in number but how symbolic of trade union formations and leftist politics.

This allows to hope for a manifestation, even more important, truly unitary, already announced for May 26.

Some pictures…

 

 

 

 

Place de l’Opéra

La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron

Throughout the procession

La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
La fête à Macron
Publicités

May 1st Unitarians

Unitaires du Premier mai

Once again, unity is not workers’ day. Neither at the union level nor at the political level. And the active Black Block participation occupies the media. Is there a link between the two phenomena?

The Unitarians are numerous, not only on May First Day.

The unity has long been between the governments of the European Union to impose the same austerity policy on all peoples.
Emmanuel Macron set out on March to accelerate this movement of questioning, frontal, of all social benefits for the benefit of the rich and especially the richest as his predecessor says.

Result of austerity for all in the countries of the Union: rise of the extreme right which also builds its European unity around the French far right, the first of May in Nice. With unity attempt with extreme right from immigration issues.

Meanwhile, the Unions can not organize a unitary parade because of a deep division between those who hope for a softening of this or that point of Macronian counter-reforms and those who wish defeat them, overall.

Leftist parties are not left behind.
On April 30, on the Place de la Republique in Paris, 9 organizations of the left, and they were not all there, proclaimed in front of a few hundred participants, in the rain it is true, more or less incantatory slogans : necessary unity, of course, convergence of struggles, general strike … And called to participate beyond the parade of May 1, with more or less enthusiasm, to the many events to come: May 3, for the education, May 5, Feast in Macron, May 22, demonstration and strike of the civil service …

Faced with the power of the European Union, the failure of multiple strikes and demonstrations in the face of the weak Francois Hollande, the affirmed determination of Emmanuel Macron, the lack of trade union and political perspective, the wide dissatisfaction that affects all layers popular social networks can not fully express themselves.
The social hardening is reflected, at the level of the organizations, by a change of leader to F.O. Among the protesters, by the demand for a general strike, a slogan which, for the moment, is not taken up again, neither by the trade unions, nor by the mass of the workers

 

Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai

At the political level, if the multiple parties verbally support the movement, it did not translate during the parade of May Day in Paris, by a massive presence of militants. Some say it was different in the regions.

On the Place de la Bastille, before the parade, several parties were present. On the course, some had stands. In the parade, only persisted, the PCF and its national secretary. The others had to withdraw before they could scroll. As for the international presence, it consisted mainly of Iranians, South Americans, Tamils, Turks, the Portuguese Communist Party …

For some, mostly young people, it means changing the method. The participation of the Black Blocks is the expression of this impatience. Without it being a majority, nor that it is assured of greater efficiency. But, formally directed against the government and even more against the system, it calls into question the inefficiency of all trade union and political organizations.

This involvement of the Black Blocs was known and announced by the government, which seems to have underestimated its importance. Rumor and social networks announced international participation.
Black blocks and police knew and prepared accordingly. A banner showed: this time we are organized. The police to neutralize the Black Blocks had prepared the technique of the trap, police practice of control
 (https://lundi.am/Kettling).

The two seem to see relatively worked because the Black blocs, about 1200 people, well organized, managed to tackle 29 shops and 10 cars, to burn 2 shops and 6 cars, according to the Paris police headquarters.
For its part the police trap allowed the arrest of 276 protesters of which 109 were placed in custody. With 4 minor injuries (one CRS and three protesters).

Black blocs

Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai

Since Tuesday, the comments are going well but the spectacular side of the action, shown in chain on television and on the networks, insist much less on the motives of the ones and the others, the Black blocs which, in some declarations or by graffiti, claim to want a radical change in society and traditional protesters who oppose the widespread attack of public services and social benefits.

The violence of the Black Blocs is mostly condemned in the declarations but like all the social violence, the moral condemnation, the police repression are not a satisfactory treatment.
First, moral condemnation and police repression have not yet proved their effectiveness. Would they do that they would only make disappear one of the signs of the deep social crisis.

In their questionable way, the Black Blocks testify to the level of exacerbation that social discontent can have in some of the youth. This dissatisfaction is also reflected, in the population as a whole, by the vote for the extreme right or the abstention which reach very high levels in France and in most democratic countries.

No one can say if, where and when the alarm will take place.

Here are some photos of the May Day parade in Paris.

Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai

Activist lily of the valley

Unitaires du Premier mai

International solidarity

Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai

Graffiti

Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai

The Mac Do

Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai

And some more pictures

Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai
Unitaires du Premier mai

Là-bas, si j’y suis

Français

Daniel Mermet recorded his program on May 68, Tuesday, April 10, at 19 hours, at Lieu-Dit, in the Twentieth

Some pictures of tray
Outside and inside the Lieu-Dit

Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit
Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit

The recording of the show with

 

Ludivine Bantigny, an hitorian of May 68

The caregiver (LO) who arrested Emmanuel Macron in Rouen

A trade unionist (SUD) from Paris-Nord Station

A student in History of Art, from La Commune libre de Tolbiac

Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit
Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit
Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit
Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit

Daniel Mermet and Hossein, the discreet and efficient master of places

Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit
Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-DitLà-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit

And the singer of the day Charlotte.

Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit
Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit

Partager cet article

APPLE contr’ATTAC (Apple counter attack)

APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC

  On December 2, 2017, at the end of the year purchases, activists ATTAC (Association for the taxation of financial transactions and for citizen action) occupied, peacefully and uncovered, for 3 hours, the store Apple, Place de l’Opera in Paris. In response, Apple is filing a lawsuit for imminent risk for Apple, its employees and customers during these operations, in court the Paris TGI.

  Apple wants to prohibit ATTAC entry into its stores under penalty of 150 000 per offense.

 

APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC

Monday, February 12, at the trial filed by Apple, ATTAC – Multinationals will not silence us – called its supporters at a rally in front of the Palais de Justice where the trial was held: a peaceful and festive gathering, as usual, with ATTAC.
On the theme, The Empire counter Attac.

Aurélie Trouvé, porte-parole d'ATTAC
Aurélie Trouvé, porte-parole d'ATTAC

Aurélie Trouvé for ATTAC

 

Some information provided in the documentation distributed on this occasion in particular in 20 Mille luttes (1).

On a $ 649 iPhone7, the margin is $ 400, or $ 249 for manufacturing.
Workers in China work on average 60 hours a week…
Moreover, 70% of profits are made internationally by paying only 2.3% of taxes.
Thanks to its tax perfection, between 2003 and 2014, Apple has benefited from a near zero taxation … 0.005% !!!
The European Commission has fined Apple $ 13 billion in August 2016: Apple refuses to pay.
Apple has been sentenced to 2 fines in France following two tax audits: $ 12 and $ 400 million: Apple has $ 230 billion in tax havens.

APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC

 

Rubric jobs offer  of  »20 mille luttes »:
  Following many suicides in its Chinese factories, Apple hires European entrepreneurs, victims of austerity.
Discover our next products in preview by coming to assemble them yourself in our factories Foxconn.
Travel in container ship. Waves in apples.

 

APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC

  If Apple is an expert in tax matters, it is not the only company that plays tax optimization ie tax evasion, legal fraud …
According to an inquiry committee of the European Parliament, the European Union would lose each year 1000 billion euros in tax and social revenues (here they are social fraudsters): the equivalent of health expenditure of the 28 countries of the EU, because of companies for two-thirds and individuals for a third. In France, it is 60 to 80 billion euros.   ATTAC conducts citizen actions to demand multinationals (Apple, BNP Paribas, Ikea, Engie, MacDonald’s, Societe Generale, Starbucks, Total or Zara) make money diverted and pay their fair share of taxes in the countries where they operate.
These companies are, for the moment, only slightly worried.
It is the whistleblowers who find themselves in court!
But if slight progress has been made, it is thanks to them and to the work of some journalists, to citizen actions (chair mowers, voleurs de chaises de la BNP …).

Much remains to be done

APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC

  Multiple organizations have given their support, some representatives have spoken after Aurélie Trouvé: Eric Coquerel (LFI), Sophie Binet (CGT), Yannick Jadot (EELV), Eric Beynel (Solidarity), the MNCP, Olivier Besancenot (NPA) , Isabelle de Almeida (PCF), Miguel Urban (Podemos, Spain), Emmanuel Poilane (Crid), Veronique Ponvert (FSU) …
Benoît Hamon who could not come and other personalities or movements had sent a message.

 

  Some images of speakers

APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC

SONG OF THE EMPIRE

We at Apple to pay no taxes

we have found brilliant methods

relocation of profits in paradise ...

It's profitable, it's profitable.

We do not care about working conditions

so imagine ... then tax justice

We at Apple we bypass the laws

we pay lawyers handsomely for that

social and environmental disruption this is

not moral ... but it's very profitable very

profitable


 

SONG OF THE ALLIANCE

Aaaaa...ttac

always you will fighteeeeeeeeeer

never you will blend

against Apple


 

SLOGAN

IT'S NOT THE ASSO ATTAC THAT IT

MUST JUDGE, BUT IT IS APPLE AND

ALL THESE BILLION ESCAPED

APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC

Quelques personnalités

APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC
APPLE contr'ATTAC

1 – Edited by www.iphonerevolt.org

NB :  I did not see all the personalities who spoke at the end of the meeting.

News (exiles) at Le Parc de Belleville

News at Le Parc de Belleville

Actualité au Parc de Belleville

Français

 The Parc de Belleville is a success.   It is located on the heights of the twentieth arrondissement of Paris, in the heart of a popular district that has hosted various waves of immigration for decades. It is one of the densest neighborhoods in Paris, a mix of people of all origins, in perpetual motion.
When the weather is nice, it welcomes those who want a drink in the sun, take a seat on the lawn, very busy on beautiful summer days, enjoy the cool with the long fountain cascading … On the Belvedere square or in the outdoor amphitheater, parties or meetings with artists or associations of the district are organized.
In this ecological garden, very well maintained by the good care of a benevolent gardener with the plants and the visitors, there is place for the lovers … of Paris, in stroll, the solitaires who seek a bench to dream, the lovers of reading, dancing or tai chi-chuan or tourists who come for the view of Paris. For young children, a wooden village awaits them where they can climb, hide, slide … Young and old have at their disposal hard tennis tables.

 

Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
 The Park can be closed in case of bad weather, especially in high winds, but it is also beautiful in the dialogue of the sun and the snow even if the snow masks the diversity of plants and trees … and brings the cold.
With the cold and the snow, the press spoke of too many people sleeping outside in Paris. Especially young, isolated exiles in eastern Paris. There is night, the cold. There is also hunger.
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville

  The Parc de Belleville is in eastern Paris. And in this park, since the spring, isolated young people, exiles, come to have a hot meal. Thursdays and Fridays at noon, they are one hundred to one hundred and fifty, many after a French class they follow in the neighborhood. For some time, Saturday and Sunday, a little less numerous.
They do not serve Ramponneau’s piquette but a meal, with a hot dish, a dessert made of cakes, fruits, sometimes treats and drinks, water, fruit juice or hot tea. Teams take turns to ensure, every day at least a hot dish, supplemented by what can bring people from the neighborhood. The park is beautiful under the snow. A little less in the rain and when it’s cold.
Ping-pong tables, hard, unexpected use by garden architects, are a moment diverted from their primary purpose. They become distribution tables and picnic partially sheltered by a temporary canvas …

Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville
Actualité au Parc de Belleville

Will the Parc de Belleville, the ping-pong tables, the people who bring a little food to these young people be pursued for misappropriation of public good, crime of solidarity?

 

Actualité au Parc de Belleville

Women’s long struggle for equality (2)

La longue lutte des Femmes pour l’égalité (2)

Taking the opposite view of Albert Einstein, some people, in favor of authorizing ethnic statistics, say that which is not cunted does not count (1). Statistics, beyond the equality proclaimed, make it possible to show the gender inequalities in the facts and the slow progress towards equality in different domains.

Politically. The proportion of women in the European Parliament is gradually increasing from 16.6% in 1979-84 to 36.6% in 2014-19. This proportion varies from one country to another, at the lowest, in Poland, Hungary, Slovakia and Bulgaria (respectively 17.7%, 19.1%, 23.1% and 23.5% of European women deputies). ), Sweden and Finland (55% and 53.9%). France is with 43.2% is in fifth place (2).

« Toute l’Europe » published, in September 2017, information on the proportion of women in national parliaments, the lower house only (in France, Assemblée nationale). Again, Sweden and Finland top the table with respectively 43.6% and 42% women Members of Parliament, Spain comes in third (39.1%). But these countries are only, respectively, 6th, 9th and 14th in the world ranking. At the bottom of the table are Latvia (16%), Malta (11.9%) and Hungary (10.1%). With 38.8% of women deputies, France comes fourth (3).

In France, the proportion of women in the Senate is lower than in the Assemblée nationale: 31.8%. However, it has been steadily increasing since 2001 (Table 1)

Table 1: Number and Percentage of Women in the Senate (4)

Election

Number

Percentage

2001

35

10,9 %

2004

60

18,1 %

2008

75

21,9 %

2011

77

22,10%

2014

87

25,0 %

2017

110

31,80%

Regarding the ministerial posts, for the 28 States of the Union, the proportion of women is only 25%. On the first of July 2017, two countries have more female ministers than male ministers: France (58%, excluding secretaries of state) and Sweden (52%), followed by Slovenia (44%). At the bottom of the table, Malta and Slovakia (14%) and Cyprus and Hungary who have no women at the head of a ministry (5).

After the last cabinet reshuffle, the French government, consisting of the Prime Minister, is made up of 20 ministers, 11 women and 9 men, and 12 secretaries of state, 7 men and 5 women, ie 32 posts equally distributed.

If inequalities slowly fade at the level of deputies and ministers, we are still far from the mark in certain functions. Despite the parity law of June 2000, 83% of outgoing mayors in 2014 were men (6) and 87% of the top of the 2014 municipal elections (7).

La longue lutte des Femmes pour l’égalité (2)

he situation is evolving even more slowly at the social and economic level.

In the European Union, the average wage gap between men and women, which was 17% in 2012, increased to 16.7 in 2014 and 16.3 in 2015. However, depending on the country, this difference varies from 5.5 to 26.9%. In Italy and Luxembourg (5.5%), Romania (5.8%), Poland (7.7%) and Slovenia (8.1%) the gaps are the lowest, the largest are Estonia (26.9%), the Czech Republic (22.5%), Germany (22%), Austria (21.7%) and the United Kingdom (20.8%).
France is in the middle of the table with 15.8% (8).

In France, entrepreneurs are mostly men: 60% of autoentrepreneurs, 75% of managers of limited liability companies and 83% of salaried managers of other companies, according to INSEE (9). The proportion of women decreases as the size of the enterprise increases: 37% of people working alone in their company, 28% in companies with 2 to 4 people, 16% in companies with 20 to 49 people and 14% in companies with businesses with 50 or more people. They are fewer in these positions and earn less: 31% less than men. What INSEE explains by fewer hours worked over the year (10)

Alternatives économiques examines the proportion of women and men who have a managerial position based on their academic background (Table 2).

Table 2: Percentage of women and men framework according to the diplomas

Niveau

% women managerial staff

% men managerial staff

Bac+2

8,6

23,4

Bac+3 ou plus

35,9

62,2

At the equivalent level, the employment rate of women is lower than that of men and women are less often managers than men. In total, men’s incomes are more than 30% higher than those of women at all levels of education and even reach 46% for holders of Bac + 3 and above. These inequalities appear from the beginning of the professional activities and increase thereafter: which means lower income for women by 25% compared to men at 25 and 64% at 65 (11)! For the positions of CEO, if we believe LeFigaro, things do not seem to improve. In 2015, just under one in five companies changed CEOs globally, the highest rate in 16 years. On this occasion, of the 359 new appointments, 10 were women, or 3% (12).

In terms of wages and employment, the road to gender equality will be long.

La longue lutte des Femmes pour l’égalité (2)

Women’s long struggle for equality (1)

La longue lutte des Femmes pour l’égalité (1)

The day of November 25 is dedicated by the UN to violence against women. This year, it has had a significant impact. Probably because it was coming after the Harvey Weinstein affair. It is to be hoped that, one event chasing the other, the question will not be forgotten until next year.

In 1993, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, and in 1999, on 25 November, was proclaimed International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, in remembrance of the assassination, sponsored by the dictator Rafael Trujillo, of the three Mirabal sisters, Dominican political activists, on November 25, 1960.

 Some figures, published on the occasion of this day, give an idea of the extent of the problem.
According to the United Nations, data from 87 countries from 2005 to 2016, 19% of women aged 15 to 49 report having experienced physical or sexual violence by an intimate partner in the 12 months preceding the survey (1).

In the European Union, in 2015, 215,000 sexual crimes were reported to the police, one-third of them rapes. The victims are women in 90% of the cases and 99% of those imprisoned for these crimes are men.

In France, the police registered 16,741 complaints, nearly 50 sexual assault reports and 31 rape complaints per 100,000 inhabitants (10,729 complaints in total).
All these figures probably underestimate the importance of the phenomenon because they only count the cases reported to the police (2).

Beyond the case, we must not forget a permanent and universal phenomenon. In the UN survey, cited above, in 2012, nearly half of the world’s female homicide victims were killed by an intimate partner or family member, compared with 6% of men.
In France, two women die every week and one man every two weeks because of violence in the couple.

The main cause, for homicide men, is the refusal of a separation in progress or that has already taken place. For women, often victims of previous violence, it is the occasion of yet another dispute (3).

In 2014, La Croix reported a survey of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights on 42,000 Europeans: one in five women reported being victims of physical and / or sexual violence. For France, one in four women. And three out of four French women have been harassed against one in two in Europe. Nearly one out of two had to deal with physical, sexual or psychological violence in childhood against a third of Europeans.
Surprisingly enough in this study, the Scandinavian countries, Finland, Sweden, are rather misclassified. More than the importance of violence, this would translate into a more free speech of women, more aware (4).

Whatever the studies, the results do not make it possible to establish a track record between the countries because the figures collected depend enormously on the conditions of collection of information, sensitization and general attitudes towards sexual violence. They only allow to highlight and the ubiquity and the importance of the problem.

Sexual harassment, rape are widespread in time, they do not date from yesterday, and in space, social classes, countries, continents.

La longue lutte des Femmes pour l’égalité (1)

The Harvey Weinstein affair played a special role this year, because Hollywood’s most powerful film producer thought himself untouchable and had a behavior that everyone knew was particularly hateful.
For this behavior to be denounced in the press, it took women who have a certain social surface to publicly assume their accusation.

Two well-known women journalists: Megan Twohey, who helped uncover, among other things, the behavior of Donald J. Trump towards women and Jodi Kantor, a specialist in gender and labor issues that followed the US presidential campaign of 2008 , who challenged Harvey Weinstein, in the New York Times on October 5, 2017. They were relayed on October 10 by an article by New Yorker Ronan Farrow.

In total, Harvey Weinstein has been publicly charged with sexual harassment, offering to promote their career for sexual favors, wanting to buy the silence of some of his victims for large sums and rapes, which many people knew, by more than 70 women, mostly actresses but also employees, journalists, producers, models who felt strong enough for that.

These behaviors are more prevalent among women in situations of weakness for whom it is difficult to protest. Sometimes, it is the victims who are condemned! In 2007, a MeToo campaign was launched to denounce sexual violence, particularly against visible minorities. Without much success (5).
This year, following articles in the two prestigious newspapers, an American actress is proposing to resume the #metoo campaign to share stories of sexual and gender-based violence in different media. Other personalities are implicated. From there, other women rose, all over the world ..

This campaign is taken over in France in the form #BalanceTonPorc so that fear changes camp. It’s a quick success. And #MeToo and also taken in 85 countries including, after the United States, the UK, India, Pakistan, Japan … But still in other languages and countries: in French in Canada, in Arabic, Tunisia, Egypt, Dubai: أنا_كمان, China: # 我 也是, Spain: # YoTambién, South Korea: # 나도, Vietnam: # TôiCũngVậy, Israel: גםאנחנו # (UsAussi), Italy: #QuellaVoltaChe (TheTimewhen)

The messages broadcast report facts from words to rape through harassment, aggression … in different professional circles (entertainment world, politics, finance, sport …), school, family, sometimes by designating known personalities. Some of whom resign from their job …

La longue lutte des Femmes pour l’égalité (1)

In this story, the insightful philosopher Alain Finkielkraut immediately sees the profound meaning of the operation one of the objectives of the campaign #balancetonporc was to play the fish of Islam.
Certainly, it is conceivable that the denunciation of people and the elegant form of the French #BalanceTonPorc shock him. It is much less acceptable that he underestimates the seriousness of the facts, the hierarchical blackmail, the rape, the murdered women …, that it minimizes the courage of these women who expose themselves.
He could have recognized, for once, the benefits of the opening of studies, here and elsewhere, to thousands of girls who, little by little, have acquired the cultural, professional, economic means of their independence.

In 1965, I was very surprised to find in an amphitheater of the faculty of letters in Toulouse that the vast majority of the audience was female! I came to the conclusion that it had to be translated, one day or another, at the level of society. I did not know how

Quite simply, for fifty years, women have taken charge of struggles for their liberation, their autonomy and equal rights. That this poses problems for some people, for society … it is obvious, but liberation poses always problems. A new balance is to be found.

Now, we must hope that this event does not fall into oblivion until the next case. That it will favor, at least in certain societies, the evolution of mentalities not towards a war of the sexes but towards the invention of a new living together, more balanced.

La longue lutte des Femmes pour l’égalité (1)

ATTAC and Climate

français

Some pictures of the Attac event at the One Planet Summit on the Place du Pantheon in Paris, against investments and subsidies for the energies of the past. Which lead humanity to its loss.

 

ATTAC et LE CLIMAT
ATTAC et LE CLIMAT
Les peuples submergés par les pussances économiques et financières....
Les peuples submergés par les pussances économiques et financières....
Les peuples submergés par les pussances économiques et financières....
Les peuples submergés par les pussances économiques et financières....
Les peuples submergés par les pussances économiques et financières....
Les peuples submergés par les pussances économiques et financières....
Les peuples submergés par les pussances économiques et financières....
Les peuples submergés par les pussances économiques et financières....
Les peuples submergés par les pussances économiques et financières....

People submerged by the economic and financial powers ….

se soulèvent et montrent qu'une autre politique est possible...
se soulèvent et montrent qu'une autre politique est possible...
se soulèvent et montrent qu'une autre politique est possible...

stand up and show that another policy is possible …

ATTAC et LE CLIMAT
ATTAC et LE CLIMAT
ATTAC et LE CLIMAT
ATTAC et LE CLIMAT
ATTAC et LE CLIMAT
ATTAC et LE CLIMAT
ATTAC et LE CLIMAT
ATTAC et LE CLIMAT
ATTAC et LE CLIMAT
ATTAC et LE CLIMAT
ATTAC et LE CLIMAT
ATTAC et LE CLIMAT
ATTAC et LE CLIMAT
ATTAC et LE CLIMAT
ATTAC et LE CLIMAT
ATTAC et LE CLIMAT

After us the deluge ?

Après nous, le déluge ?

History is made up of struggles, peaceful or otherwise, between social groups. These struggles result in a more or less stable balance, by the victory of one group over the other or by a compromise. Waiting for new conflicts or the rebirth of old conflicts.

At the international level, with nuclear energy, over-armament and the system of blocs and alliances, the risk has appeared of a global conflagration with the possible disappearance of all humanity, belligerents and non-belligerents alike. The awarness of this risk, where everyone would be defeated, led to the Cold War, the balance of terror, the lack of direct confrontation between the two world superpowers, the persistent military confrontation across wars by local belligerents interposed …

The disappearance of the USSR has diminished, without making it unthinkable, the risk of widespread nuclear conflict. Because states in latent conflict have nuclear weapons and remain a danger for humanity … Hence the interest of a treaty of generalized nuclear disarmament.

Today, there is a new risk for humanity and many life forms on the planet: the competition of all against all, individuals or groups, with the development of technical and scientific possibilities in the search for ever more, more, more accumulation and grabbing of material goods, …
Come what may.

This infinite course does not evolve as it was announced towards the exhaustion of the resources, more or less repulsed by the discovery of new deposits or means of exploitation.But the release into the earth, into the water, into the air of products make them dangerous, unfit for consumption and a factor of climatic disturbance with catastrophic consequences .

Après nous, le déluge ?

Climate-skeptics are increasingly rare even though the weight of Donald Trump is not negligible. If they think that global warming is not exclusively due to human activity, they should admit that it is not useful for it to contribute to it …

At the international level, the important influence of human activities on the future of the planet has been recognized for many years now. At the request of the G7, under the pressure of Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was created in 1988 to counter a UN agency that was too supportive of climate change.

Since then, the Giec keeps issuing warnings. The first report (1990) reported that since 1900 the temperature had increased by about 0.5 ° C. In the third (2001), he predicted a temperature increase between 1.4 ° C and 5.8 ° C between 1990 and 2100 and reported that the rate of warming was unprecedented for the last ten millennia. The fifth (2014) stated that it was possible to limit the rise in temperature to 2 ° C more than before the industrial revolution if greenhouse gas emissions were reduced by 40 to 70% between 2010 and 2050 And also that the only use of available fossil fuel reserves would lead to a warming of 4 to 5 ° C in 2100 …

The most dangerous does not appear the depletion of reserves but the discovery of news that could lead to their exploitation and global warming … of 7 or 8 ° C in the following century (1)

These reports served as a basis for international meetings where resolutions are adopted by more and more States. But without major practical consequences for the moment.

Après nous, le déluge ?

It is not possible, however, to say that nothing has changed. The question, with the help of large ecological organizations, more than ecological parties that have not even been able to take advantage of the wave, has entered the public debate.

The Paris Conference, despite its shortcomings, is a major event: for the first time, all states on the planet agree on the diagnosis. The signed text sets a goal quantified, even if it is insufficient and especially insufficiently funded, even if, 2 years later, the commitments of the signatories are not up to the situation.
Even though COP23 took place in the absence of one of the most polluting states on the planet at the moment when 15,364 scientists from 184 countries, biologists, physicists, astronomers, chemists, agronomists … launched a cry of alarm … on the state of the planet, a warning to humanity (2).

From now on, scientists know and let know what they know, in particular the risks of turning to the irreversible. Governments know. Politicians know. The people know. Everyone knows.

We all know. We continue to behave as if we do not believe in what we know. Sometimes, what we say! Powers act more in terms of their short-term interest than in the maintenance of life, of humanity in the time ahead.

However, a part of the population is already suffering the consequences of climate change: natural disasters, but data from the UN Office for Risk Reduction show that in 2014, 87% were linked to global warming of the planet (3).

Après nous, le déluge ?
More and more displaced people are forced to flee their land due to the intensity of extreme natural disasters (4). In its first report on the uprooted by climate change, Oxfam estimates them at 23.5 million in 2016: total not taking into account the slow and not spectacular catastrophes, droughts or rise of the level of the sea. (5). In 2014, 87% of climate refugees were Asian.
Pollution is responsible for 5.5 million premature deaths worldwide each year, half in China and India (6).

COP23 was chaired by the Republic of Fiji, reflecting the concern of many Pacific islands threatened with extinction by the rising waters: 9.2 million people in 22 island states. Some may disappear in the next thirty years.
Lawyers take the issue seriously. They are wondering what will become of the island states that are going to be submerged when, according to international law, territorial sovereignty and the benefits derived from it presuppose a natural expanse of land surrounded by water that remains uncovered at high tide. (7).
Populations have already started to emigrate (57% of Samoans and 46% of Tongans live abroad).
To prevent or reduce the severity of future disasters, COP21 agreed to limit global warming to no more than 2 degrees and, if possible, to 1.5 by 2100. COP23 acknowledged that current state commitments and that warming is more likely to be 3 degrees or more (8).

In France, according to a report by ADEME, it is possible to produce 100% of electricity with renewable energies in 2050: 63% wind, 17% solar, 13% hydro, 7% thermal. Which would not cost more than keeping 50% of nuclear as planned.
But this report has disappeared (9). And for the moment, France is falling behind on its commitments.

Given the weakness of policies, the immediate interests of financiers, an international popular mobilization is necessary to push for effective decision-making.

Beyond the country, French banks play a big role in financial investments in very important mining projects. While developing a rhetoric against climate change, French banks increased by 218% their financing in the coal sector between 2005 and 2013. Over this period, France is the fourth country that has financed the most. sector, behind China, the United States and the United Kingdom.
But it is possible to put pressure on these banks that are sensitive to their image: BNP Paribas, Crédit Agricole and Societe Generale have pledged to stop funding Pharaonic mining projects in the Galilee basin, near the eastern coast of the Australia where stands the Great Barrier Reef. (10).

Après nous, le déluge ?
At the initiative of Emmanuel Macron, after the withdrawal of the United States from the Paris agreement, the One Planet Summit will be held at the Seine Musical in December. It will welcome 2000 people including a hundred heads of state or government. This summit is organized with the UN, the OECD, the European Union, the World Covenant of Mayors, the C40 cities network, the NGOs of the Climate Action Network, companies, on the search for funding to accelerate the fight against global warming (11).
Will one month after COP23 be more effective than this one?

In the meantime, carbon dioxide emissions will increase by 2% in 2017, while they have been stable since 2014, according to a study by the international consortium of scientists, the Global Carbon Project. Staying below 2 ° C warming by 2100 seems unreachable. Without a very rapid decline in carbon emissions, warming of 1.5 ° C will be achieved in ten years, 2 ° C in a few decades and 3 or 4 ° C by the end of the century (12).

Some 20 countries, at the initiative of Canada and the United Kingdom, including France, Costa Rica, Fiji, Denmark, the Netherlands, Finland, Italy and New Zealand, announced , at COP23, their desire to close the coal plants by 2030 at the latest.
The notion of growth is, more and more, to question. But the United States since 2005 has reduced carbon dioxide emissions by 11.5 percent by increasing national wealth by 15 percent, according to the US representative at COP23. In 2017, after five years of decline, carbon dioxide emissions from coal are expected to increase slightly as a result of price developments and Donald Trump’s willingness to revive this energy (13).

Climate events are all the more catastrophic as they cause material and human damage. These disasters mainly affect the weakest populations: the poorest countries, the least well-equipped or organized and, in rich countries, the poorest populations.

At the global level, the richest 10% are the source of 50% of greenhouse gas emissions, while the poorest 50% contribute 10%. At the scale of a country like India, half of the emissions related to the electric production is the fact of less than 15% of the population, whereas nearly a third of the Indians is deprived of access to the network (14).

Finally, rich countries pollute more per capita than poor countries. In rich countries and poor countries, rich people pollute more than poor people. And it is these people who hold the power of decision. While before reaching everyone, climate disasters primarily affect poor and poor countries.

Those who hold the powers are the most dangerous for the future. This is to say the difficulty of making decisions that call into question the financial, economic, social and political organization. And even more to apply them.

Everyone knows.

The year 2016 was the hottest since the first recordings at the end of the 19th century. The displaced are millions.
If a change of course is not taken quickly, after us the deluge may not be a metaphor! 

Après nous, le déluge ?

1 – https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Groupe_d%27experts_intergouvernemental_sur_l%27%C3%A9volution_du_climat)

2 – Le Monde 13/11/17

3 – Libération 16/03/15

4 – Le Monde 02/11/17

5 – http://www.oxfamfrance.org/rapports/changement-climatique-protection-des-civils-crises-humanitaires/deracines-par-changement

6 – Le Figaro 12/02/16

7 – Foreign affairs 04/09/15, cité par Courrier international 17/12 06/01/16

8 – Le Monde 31/10/17

9 – Mediapart 08/04/15

10 – Le Monde.fr 08/04/15

11 – La Tribune 07/11/17

12 – Mediapart 14/11/17

13 – Le Figaro 16/11/17

14 – Alternatives économiques 16/11/2017