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The three-sided virus

Le virus à trois faces

he political face

In the past, there was talk of seasonal flu, commonplace but which kills thousands of people every year, Asian flu, Hong Kong flu or even Spanish flu that did not come from Spain but from the United States and which killed more than the Great War.
With political developments, the new coronavirus pandemic cannot be called Chinese, other than by Donald Trump, even if the Chinese acknowledge that it appeared in Wuhan (1): calling it Wuhan’s Coronarovirus disease would be, for the world’s second-largest power, an offense.

With the coded scientific, diplomatic language, the pandemic will be named Covid-19 (Coronarovirus disease-2019) due to SARS-CoV-2. Who comes after SARS-CoV (SARS-CoV-1), from another province of China, Guangdon, responsible for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2002. It has been much less infected and killed, especially in China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Southeast Asia. He had the good taste not to go any further.

In 2012, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome or MERS-CoV (Middle East respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus) is due to another coronavirus: its territory of origin and preference, Middle East can be named…

A health face

The Chinese first underestimated the severity of the new epidemic, like many others later (in France, la grippette), and then, having identified the cause, they fight its spread with methods that will serve as a model to the whole world, for lack of treatment and vaccine… and with economic consequences that will accumulate..

With their experience, they take the measures now known to all and adopted almost everywhere with varying success: barrier gestures, social distancing, masks, tests, isolation in ad hoc places, severe confinement and… Statistics.

To date, published figures, here and there, show 85 to 90,000 cases in China, including nearly 70,000 in Hubei and less than 5,000 deaths (2), or 3 per million inhabitants. This is against 577 people per million people in Italy, the first Western country affected by the epidemic. As Marco Bellochio said: La cina è vicina (1956).
Western countries, including France, follow for various reasons: illusory confidence in the number of cases in China, a few thousand deaths in a country of 1.4 billion inhabitants, or a few hundred on a French scale, previous epidemics remained localized in a few distant countries, belief in the invulnerability of the French socio-health system, of course the best in the world (3): the authorities do not measure any , not even to check the supplies of equipment of any kind …

When the epidemic affects France, with the vigour announced the previous week by the Italian example, looked at with some condescension (4), France decides to apply the Chinese measures: masks, without masks, tests, without tests, isolation of positives, without suitable premises, finally generalized confinement, without the energetic Chinese police authority but with the usual versatile authoritarianism.
Suspects and patients are confined to their homes, with the danger that this entails for families, for lack of space in hospitals where they are only received late, when possible depending on the staff and equipment available. There are still the barrier gestures, the distance, free, of individual liability under authoritarian injunctions aided by fines (5).

Le virus à trois faces

Le virus à trois faces
Le virus à trois faces

Le virus à trois faces
Le virus à trois faces

All of this is known. But how did the fifth or sixth or seventh richest country in the world, with a health service, every day declared exceptional and ready to deal with any situation, happen to be also the fifth or sixth for the number of deaths per million inhabitants ???

Lightness of the government in the face of the epidemic? Ms. Agnès Buzyn left the Ministry of Health on 16 January to run for mayor of Paris; the President of the Republic’s health adviser since the beginning of the five-year term leaves office on 31 January to assist her husband as a candidate in the municipal elections in Strasbourg. If the minister is replaced immediately, the councillor will not be replaced until a month later! As some say, there are no emergencies, only people in a hurry! And municipal elections first.

The epidemic as a tell-tale.

The situation was difficult to manage. Decisions to be made in a matter of days. The president, the government, unconscious or abused, are not solely responsible for all the dysfunctions. All previous governments have their share of responsibility: they have followed, since the Thatcher years, like many other governments in the world and with the same consequences, the same economic policy, proclaimed unique: There is no alternative !!! A policy that aims to achieve the best immediate financial returns.

This policy is based on reducing costs to increase profits with two principles: to relocate production as much as possible and to generalize the tense flow in trade.
Relocate to an inexhaustible and inexpensive labour pool. China has become the largest workshop in the world to which large companies without factories entrust the manufacture of their products: no strikes, no social conflicts over wages or working conditions. Everything is outsourced to a government with unwavering authority.

With the supply in tense flow, no need to immobilize money in the form of stocks. A message is enough to adapt, by air or sea, immediately the offer to the demand … There’s a lot of talk about masks. This was not the only hardware gap…

Skillful, Western countries organize, at home, a relative democracy, with bread and games, and give the mass of workers in totalitarian management to a communist country !!!
Everything is well oiled. There’s no risk. Except in the event of a stop of the workshop. But why would it stop? We trust the Chinese government and other low-wage countries. No strike possible… the local authority looks after the grain.
But when the local authority, by containment, blocks the country or region where the companies are concentrated… The tense flow breaks. The chain stops. Everything worked so well…

Here, too, there was still money to be made, by attacking socal laws, by adopting the tense flow. And why not apply the law of maximum profit to public services. For years, they have been reduced: in the midst of a pandemic, business as usual(6). To make more money, privatize and apply the same methods, reduce as much as possible effective and investments. Introduce performance, equipment and personnel management everywhere.

At the national level, this policy met with strong resistance, especially in public services: hospital staff had been demonstrating for a year, the heads of departments were on administrative strike, not to improve their status but to ask for resources for hospitals, more staff, better treatments, financial and human…

The only answer was authoritarian! Jupiter used lightning to castagner (figt, Castaner, ministre) them…
There is no need to maintain stocks of masks and medications when a phone call is enough to get them in a few days. Why keep hospital beds freed up by shortened hospital stays. If there is a shortage of medicines, equipment, we will buy them. If beds are missing, more beds will be added. As for the staff, they will work overtime…

Is it due to chance, if Germany with 33 intensive care beds per 100,000 inhabitants compared to 11 in France, has 4 times fewer deaths per million inhabitants (108) than France (445)? This allowed him to take care of patients from other countries…

Successive governments have been in the making for years and the last one was very devoid when the endemicity had come…

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Le virus à trois faces

Le virus à trois faces

The political face
In the past, there was talk of seasonal flu, commonplace but which kills thousands of people every year, Asian flu, Hong Kong flu or even Spanish flu that did not come from Spain but from the United States and which killed more than the Great War.
With political developments, the new coronavirus pandemic cannot be called Chinese, other than by Donald Trump, even if the Chinese acknowledge that it appeared in Wuhan (1): calling it Wuhan’s Coronarovirus disease would be, for the world’s second-largest power, an offense.

The political face
With the coded scientific, diplomatic language, the pandemic will be named Covid-19 (Coronarovirus disease-2019) due to SARS-CoV-2. Who comes after SARS-CoV (SARS-CoV-1), from another province of China, Guangdon, responsible for Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2002. It has been much less infected and killed, especially in China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Southeast Asia. He had the good taste not to go any further.

In 2012, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome or MERS-CoV (Middle East respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus) is due to another coronavirus: its territory of origin and preference, Middle East can be named…

Vi In 2012, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome or MERS-CoV (Middle East respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus) is due to another coronavirus: its territory of origin and preference, ME for Middle East (Middle East) can be named…

A health face

The Chinese first underestimated the severity of the new epidemic, like many others later (in France, la grippettethe flutte), and then, having identified the cause, they fight its spread with methods that will serve as a model to the whole world, for lack of treatment and vaccine… and with economic consequences that will accumulate..

With their experience, they take the measures now known to all and adopted almost everywhere with varying success: barrier gestures, social distancing, masks, tests, isolation in ad hoc places, severe confinement and… Statistics.

To date, published figures, here and there, show 85 to 90,000 cases in China, including nearly 70,000 in Hubei and less than 5,000 deaths (2), or 3 per million inhabitants. This is against 577 people per million people in Italy, the first Western country affected by the epidemic. As Marco Bellochio said: La cina è vicina (1956).
Western countries, including France, follow for various reasons: illusory confidence in the number of cases in China, a few thousand deaths in a country of 1.4 billion inhabitants, or a few hundred on a French scale, previous epidemics remained localized in a few distant countries, belief in the invulnerability of the French socio-health system, of course the best in the world (3): the authorities do not measure any , not even to check the supplies of equipment of any kind …

When the epidemic affects France, with the vigour announced the previous week by the Italian example, looked at with some condescension (4), France decides to apply the Chinese measures: masks, without masks, tests, without tests, isolation of positives, without suitable premises, finally generalized confinement, without the energetic Chinese police authority but with the usual versatile authoritarianism.
Suspects and patients are confined to their homes, with the danger that this entails for families, for lack of space in hospitals where they are only received late, when possible depending on the staff and equipment available. There are still the barrier gestures, the distance, free, of individual liability under authoritarian injunctions aided by fines (5).

Le virus à trois faces
Le virus à trois faces
Le virus à trois faces
Le virus à trois faces
Le virus à trois faces

All of this is known. But how did the fifth or sixth or seventh richest country in the world, with a health service, every day declared exceptional and ready to deal with any situation, happen to be also the fifth or sixth for the number of deaths per million inhabitants ???

Lightness of the government in the face of the epidemic? Ms. Agnès Buzyn left the Ministry of Health on 16 January to run for mayor of Paris; the President of the Republic’s health adviser since the beginning of the five-year term leaves office on 31 January to assist her husband as a candidate in the municipal elections in Strasbourg. If the minister is replaced immediately, the councillor will not be replaced until a month later! As some say, there are no emergencies, only people in a hurry! And municipal elections first.

The epidemic as a tell-tale.

The situation was difficult to manage. Decisions to be made in a matter of days. The president, the government, unconscious or abused, are not solely responsible for all the dysfunctions. All previous governments have their share of responsibility: they have followed, since the Thatcher years, like many other governments and with the same consequences, the same economic policy, proclaimed unique: There is no alternative !!! A policy that aims to achieve the best immediate financial returns.

This policy is based on reducing costs to increase profits with two principles: to relocate production as much as possible and to generalize the tense flow in trade.
Relocate to an inexhaustible and inexpensive labour pool. China has become the largest workshop in the world to which large companies without factories entrust the manufacture of their products: no strikes, no social conflicts over wages or working conditions. Everything is outsourced to a government with unwavering authority.

With the supply in tense flow, no need to immobilize money in the form of stocks. A message is enough to adapt, by air or sea, immediately the offer to the demand … There’s a lot of talk about masks. This was not the only hardware gap…

Skillful, Western countries organize, at home, a relative democracy, with bread and games, and give the mass of workers in totalitarian management to a communist country !!!
Everything is well oiled. There’s no risk. Except in the event of a stop of the workshop. But why would it stop? We trust the Chinese government and other low-wage countries. No strike possible… the local authority looks after the grain. But when the local authority, by containment, blocks the country or region where the companies are concentrated… The tense flow breaks. The chain stops. Everything worked so well…

Here, too, there was still money to be made, by attacking socal laws, by adopting the tense flow. And why not apply the law of maximum profit to public services. For years, they have been reduced: in the midst of a pandemic, business as usual(6). To make more money, privatize and apply the same methods, reduce as much as possible effective and investments. Introduce performance, equipment and personnel management everywhere.

At the national level, this policy met with strong resistance, especially in public services: hospital staff had been demonstrating for a year, the heads of departments were on administrative strike, not to improve their status but to ask for resources for hospitals, more staff, better treatments, financial and human…
The only answer was authoritarian! Jupiter used lightning to castagner (fight, joke with Castaner, name of the minister of Interior) them…
There is no need to maintain stocks of masks and medications when a phone call is enough to get them in a few days. Why keep hospital beds freed up by shortened hospital stays. If there is a shortage of medicines, equipment, we will buy them. If beds are missing, more beds will be added. As for the staff, they will work overtime…

Is it due to chance, if Germany with 33 intensive care beds per 100,000 inhabitants compared to 11 in France, has 4 times fewer deaths per million inhabitants (108) than France (445)? This allowed him to take care of patients from other countries…

Successive governments have been in the making for years and the last one was very devoid when the endemicity had come…

Ordering over the phone is no longer enough. There is no one at the number you are asking for. The needs of China or those who pay the most are given priority…

Le virus à trois faces
Le virus à trois faces
Le virus à trois faces
Le virus à trois faces

Serious socio-economic consequences.

That’s O.K.. The pandemic kills. But how is it that this pandemic has resulted in a blockade of the world economy when this has not been the case in previous epidemics that have often caused more deaths in France and in the world (7)?

Widespread relocations and the policy of tense, financially effective flows have weakened the global economic system and are now stalling it. Not by the number of deaths that mainly affect the elderly without direct consequences on production or distribution but by the generalized confinement. Faced with the apocalyptic death toll, put forward by forecasters (8), the media, not only the continuous channels, and the governments themselves. These, after failing for lack of precautions, having no really effective means, were even more afraid not to take the only measures apparently available and used everywhere …
Chinese containment blocks manufacturing, routing, copying and installing containment… Blockages add to the blockage. The shortage to the shortage…

The whole thing has hardly been improved by the government’s many and contradictory words. Even though everything was ready for a long time, we had to deal with words when things were missing. It is known that politicians often lie, but why lie with this contempt of citizens. Because there was no mask, no test, was it necessary to say that they were useless. Was it necessary for the government spokeswoman to say that she did not know and that the French would not be aware of a mask? Before making them mandatory?

Le virus à trois faces

Taking as a model a totalitarian regime can only lead to authoritarian measures, ineffective for lack of means, a natural tendency of the governments distraught at a new situation.

Within a few days, the fight against the pandemic took on the face of a medieval struggle: the plague was there and the absolute weapon, the containment widespread, indiscriminate! With visible consequences in the short term and unknown in the longer term, from an economic, social, societal, psychological, political point of view.

If the Covid-19 is not, for the moment, the deadliest pandemic since the Spanish flu, neither globally nor nationally, it has led to the worst economic crisis in history since 1929? It highlighted the fragility of the dominant economic and social organization.

The teller seems to have been particularly effective. Even President Macron has been hit! Just listen to his words full of modesty and promise… (9).

As for the acts, it will be enough to follow, on a day-to-day basis, how the President and the Government will remove the proposals of the Citizens’ Convention for Climate. I love you a little, a lot…

1 – Wikipedia very carefully says: The last human coronavirus (or recently humanized, most likely from one or more strains carried by bats) seems to have emerged in Wuhan, China in 2019.

2 – 4,000 deaths in Wuhan. Some say, in fact, 10 times more.

3 – The President of the Republic: We have in France the best virologists, the best epidemiologists, renowned specialists, clinicians too, people who are in the field and we have listened, as we have been doing since day one. All of us have been told that despite our efforts to curb it, the virus continues to spread and is accelerating. We knew it (sic) , we dreaded it.

4 – France’s situation is not that of Italy. France has one of the best rates of resuscitation equipment in Europe, with a population equivalent to that of Italy, twice as many beds. Vincent Camus, marketing director anesthesia and resuscitation of the French branch of GE Healthcare, manufacturer, Les Échos 15/03/20.

5 – Emmanuel Macron: The Minister of Health and the Director General of Health have explained this to you on several occasions: to avoid the accumulation of patients who will be in respiratory distress in our emergency and resuscitation departments. We must continue to save time, and for that I will ask you to continue to make sacrifices and instead to do more, but for our collective benefit.

6 – In the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic, the Director of the Grand East LRA confirmed the plan to eliminate posts and beds by 2025 at the CHRU in Nancy. The measure was adjourned.

7 – Asian influenza: 1 to 2,000,000 deaths worldwide, about 100,000 in France. Hong Kong flu: 1 million deaths worldwide, 30,000 in France for a population… For a much smaller global and national population. Of course, you don’t have absolute confidence in the numbers and the pandemic is not over.

8 – The number of deaths announced has been very variable. The high hypothesis has often been accepted, up to 500,000 dead in France. According to a simulation using artificial intelligence (AI), coronavirus could infect up to 2.5 billion people in 45 days, and 52.9 million of them could die from the disease (Forbes, 08/02/20). Very often, journalists take only the most disturbing part of scientific forecasts: the weight of words, the shock of the numbers.

9 – A few words from the President: The government will do all it can… whatever it takes… Health is priceless Many of the decisions we are making, many of the changes we are making, we will keep them because we are also learning from this crisis, because our caregivers are great in innovation and mobilization, and what we are doing, we will learn all the lessons and come out with an even stronger health system… What this pandemic reveals is that there are goods and services that must be placed outside the laws of the market. To delegate our food, our protection, our ability to heal our living environment to others is madness.

Images recueillis pendant le confinement dans un rayon d'un km autour du métro Couronnes à Paris, surtout vingtième arrondissement.
Images recueillis pendant le confinement dans un rayon d'un km autour du métro Couronnes à Paris, surtout vingtième arrondissement.
Images recueillis pendant le confinement dans un rayon d'un km autour du métro Couronnes à Paris, surtout vingtième arrondissement.

I

mages collected during the confinement within a radius of one km around the Metro Station Courones in Paris, especially in the twentieth arrondissement.

Confined walks in Belleville-Ménilmontant (Paris)

Balades confinées à Belleville-Ménilmontant

With apologies for the untranslated French texts that illustrate the article

The few images which follow, testify to the external signs of confinement in a district of Paris, around the boulevard de Belleville, from Couronnes to Ménilmontant, especially on the twentieth arrondissement side with some excursions in the eleventh and, rarer and more limited in the tenth ninth, because of the distance …
Images collected, during the daily hour authorized for shopping or walking, provided with the derogatory certificate, without mask at the start, then with a mask made by a craftsman from the neighborhood discovered during one of these outings.

This confinement is not terrible when you have a decent apartment. When health is not a serious problem. When social and family conditions are satisfactory. When all the essential shops exist a few hundred meters away.
We regret not being able to take full advantage of spring, which however makes the small exit hour pleasant … We can even enjoy some flowers and birdsong, inaudible in normal times because of the hubbub of the city …
Without television, deprived of cinema, catch-up session, every evening, with an old film on DVD.

Not everyone benefits from these conditions. The fifty five days of confinement are a difficult test for a large part of the population. You just have to look, over the days, at the number of people and their behavior on the street.

May 11 is not the end of confinement. Rather, it is the start of the second phase of containment. Because constraints will remain for many. First for the unemployed. For all the people who will have to go to work in more or less satisfactory conditions. In particular, in public transport. Hoping that the means will be adapted to the situation. And that users will behave as citizens.

But there are some for whom things may not change much. It’s all the nursing staff. Because the infection is still enough to cause a significant number of serious patients. It should not be that, despised when he sounded the alarm, described as a hero yesterday, by the President of the Republic, the nursing staff should be forgotten with loud words and a bonus for the occasion instead of an increase in wages . And that everything starts again as before.
Their demands were legitimized, in the eyes of all, by the damage of the pandemic in France, especially if we compare them with what is happening in Germany: insufficient equipment, staff, beds …
There are thousands of victims!

By their claims,
it was us they were defending !!!

But neither should the population, after having applauded at 8 p.m. every evening, resume their daily life and that, preoccupied with new difficulties or freed from the recent ones, they forget those who have resisted and who will continue for still have to deal with difficult working conditions.

Solidarity with caregivers and others, for the benefit of all, should not stop at applause at 8 p.m.
*           *          *   

Some of the photos below have already illustrated articles on this site. All were taken, day by day, in a neighborhood that has always mixed poverty, solidarity and contestation.

They are presented according to the date on which they were taken and the place is indicated. It doesn’t say anything about the day when these posters, these writings were displayed.
They could have been ordered by themes: solidarity, health security instructions, contestation …, grouped by street …

They are sometimes accompanied by comments. Or a twit issued the same day.

Rue du pressoir 18/03/20Rue du pressoir 18/03/20

Rue du pressoir 18/03/20

Friendly neighbors in the building.

Bd de Belleville, place Jean Ferrat (19/03/20).Bd de Belleville, place Jean Ferrat (19/03/20).
Bd de Belleville, place Jean Ferrat (19/03/20).

Bd de Belleville, place Jean Ferrat (19/03/20).

The population is small, confinement is followed, stewardship does not follow.

Marché de  Ménilmontant (1), marché de Belleville (3) (20/03/20).Marché de  Ménilmontant (1), marché de Belleville (3) (20/03/20).
Marché de  Ménilmontant (1), marché de Belleville (3) (20/03/20).Marché de  Ménilmontant (1), marché de Belleville (3) (20/03/20).Marché de  Ménilmontant (1), marché de Belleville (3) (20/03/20).

Marché de Ménilmontant (1), marché de Belleville (3) (20/03/20).

Customers are online and merchants have made arrangements to try to channel buyers. It will be the last market …

Twitt  : 03/22/20: During his visit to Strasbourg, Colmar, Mulhouse, Prof. Valleta also could measure the beneficial effects of confinement: victims of road accidents, athletes injured in training are much less many in the emergency room (JDD 20/03/20). We believe we are dreaming
!

R de Belleville, r Julien Lacroix, r des Maronites,(2) (25/03/20)
R de Belleville, r Julien Lacroix, r des Maronites,(2) (25/03/20)R de Belleville, r Julien Lacroix, r des Maronites,(2) (25/03/20)
R de Belleville, r Julien Lacroix, r des Maronites,(2) (25/03/20)

R de Belleville, r Julien Lacroix, r des Maronites,(2) (25/03/20)

Rue du Pressoir (2), r du Chemin vert (1) (26/03/20), Rue du Pressoir (2), r du Chemin vert (1) (26/03/20),
Rue du Pressoir (2), r du Chemin vert (1) (26/03/20),

Rue du Pressoir (2), r du Chemin vert (1) (26/03/20),

Few people on the streets. When you meet, even with a mask, about half the time, people move away. Others pass indifferent. Several small groups discuss, touch each other.
The inhabitants of the district create the formation of a choir which will be heard in the evening at 8 p.m., at the time of the applause of support to the staff of the hospitals, followed by the diffusion of songs or music …

R de Ménilmontant (27/03/20)

R de Ménilmontant (27/03/20)

The line in front of a super market on the rue de Ménilmontant respecting the distance …
In front of the bakery on Place Maurice Chevalier, the beggar has disappeared … while the homeless man, vigil with a can, still in front of the Franprix, puts away the trash.

Pl Jean Ferrat, r de Ménilmontant, r Delaître, r Duris (2), bd de Ménilmontant(3, pl. Jean Ferrat, Maronites (28/03/20).
Pl Jean Ferrat, r de Ménilmontant, r Delaître, r Duris (2), bd de Ménilmontant(3, pl. Jean Ferrat, Maronites (28/03/20).
Pl Jean Ferrat, r de Ménilmontant, r Delaître, r Duris (2), bd de Ménilmontant(3, pl. Jean Ferrat, Maronites (28/03/20).
Pl Jean Ferrat, r de Ménilmontant, r Delaître, r Duris (2), bd de Ménilmontant(3, pl. Jean Ferrat, Maronites (28/03/20).
Pl Jean Ferrat, r de Ménilmontant, r Delaître, r Duris (2), bd de Ménilmontant(3, pl. Jean Ferrat, Maronites (28/03/20).
Pl Jean Ferrat, r de Ménilmontant, r Delaître, r Duris (2), bd de Ménilmontant(3, pl. Jean Ferrat, Maronites (28/03/20).
Pl Jean Ferrat, r de Ménilmontant, r Delaître, r Duris (2), bd de Ménilmontant(3, pl. Jean Ferrat, Maronites (28/03/20).
Pl Jean Ferrat, r de Ménilmontant, r Delaître, r Duris (2), bd de Ménilmontant(3, pl. Jean Ferrat, Maronites (28/03/20).

Pl Jean Ferrat, r de Ménilmontant, r Delaître, r Duris (2), bd de Ménilmontant(3, pl. Jean Ferrat, Maronites (28/03/20).

Few people in the streets, the flowering spring does not forget the demands and the necessary adaptation to the situation … The homeless man sits, as usual, in front of the Franprix, chats with a lady who steps back when he coughs .

ND de Ménilmontant (29/03/30)

ND de Ménilmontant (29/03/30)

Place Jean Ferrat (30/03/20)

Place Jean Ferrat (30/03/20)

Place Jean Ferrat: a tobacconist has closed on the boulevard de Ménilmontant (20 °), a long line, respecting the distance, stretches in front of that of the rue Oberkampf (11 °).

Le bureau de Poste du bd de Belleville (11°), pharmacie du bd de belleville (20°), mmesures de prévention sur les vitrines (3) bd de Belleville (20°), Belleville, les 4 arrondissements, la r de Belleville (2) (31/03/20)
Le bureau de Poste du bd de Belleville (11°), pharmacie du bd de belleville (20°), mmesures de prévention sur les vitrines (3) bd de Belleville (20°), Belleville, les 4 arrondissements, la r de Belleville (2) (31/03/20)
Le bureau de Poste du bd de Belleville (11°), pharmacie du bd de belleville (20°), mmesures de prévention sur les vitrines (3) bd de Belleville (20°), Belleville, les 4 arrondissements, la r de Belleville (2) (31/03/20)
Le bureau de Poste du bd de Belleville (11°), pharmacie du bd de belleville (20°), mmesures de prévention sur les vitrines (3) bd de Belleville (20°), Belleville, les 4 arrondissements, la r de Belleville (2) (31/03/20)
Le bureau de Poste du bd de Belleville (11°), pharmacie du bd de belleville (20°), mmesures de prévention sur les vitrines (3) bd de Belleville (20°), Belleville, les 4 arrondissements, la r de Belleville (2) (31/03/20)
Le bureau de Poste du bd de Belleville (11°), pharmacie du bd de belleville (20°), mmesures de prévention sur les vitrines (3) bd de Belleville (20°), Belleville, les 4 arrondissements, la r de Belleville (2) (31/03/20)
Le bureau de Poste du bd de Belleville (11°), pharmacie du bd de belleville (20°), mmesures de prévention sur les vitrines (3) bd de Belleville (20°), Belleville, les 4 arrondissements, la r de Belleville (2) (31/03/20)
Le bureau de Poste du bd de Belleville (11°), pharmacie du bd de belleville (20°), mmesures de prévention sur les vitrines (3) bd de Belleville (20°), Belleville, les 4 arrondissements, la r de Belleville (2) (31/03/20)

Post office, bd de Belleville (11°), pharmacy, bd de Belleville (20°), preventive measures on the windows (3) bd de Belleville (20°), Belleville, les 4 arrondissements, r de Belleville (2) (31/03/20)

Lines, in front of the post office, the pharmacy, it is not for masks, not found, precautions of the traders, the city without pedestrians, without cars …

Bd de Belleville (2), bd de Ménilmontant (2) (01/04/20)
Bd de Belleville (2), bd de Ménilmontant (2) (01/04/20)
Bd de Belleville (2), bd de Ménilmontant (2) (01/04/20)
Bd de Belleville (2), bd de Ménilmontant (2) (01/04/20)

Bd de Belleville (2), bd de Ménilmontant (2) (01/04/20)

R du Pressoir (04/04/20)

R du Pressoir (04/04/20) : Young people give a distant recital in the courtyard of the building while waiting for the applause at 8 p.m., the choir and the music played by a powerful loudspeaker.

During the walk, we learn that a friend and his wife were hospitalized for Covid-19.
The homeless, the bobbin watchman who normally is always in front of or in the Franprix, is now in the cabin of a van.

 

Twit : 04/04/20. In a democracy, decisions are respected if they are respectable. Applicable materially. Justified. Not contradictory. Taken by a respectable and respected authority. Failing that, it will be necessary to use coercion against indiscipline, the D system, the free pass.

Franprix bd de Belleville (06/04/20)

Franprix bd de Belleville (06/04/20)

Friends tell us by phone that their daughter and son-in-law had Covid-19 but that they are fine after being badly shaken.
The telephone has never been so used … Long conversations about everyone’s health, speculation about the pandemic …

.

 

Belvédère de Belleville (4), r du Transvaal (1) (12/04/20)
Belvédère de Belleville (4), r du Transvaal (1) (12/04/20)
Belvédère de Belleville (4), r du Transvaal (1) (12/04/20)
Belvédère de Belleville (4), r du Transvaal (1) (12/04/20)

Belvédère de Belleville (4), r du Transvaal (1) (12/04/20)

Thursday 10 and Friday 11, violation of certificates: went in the morning on an empty stomach to the laboratory which is 2 or 300 meters away and then left during the day, with two different certificates!

R du Pressoir, Oberkampf 11+ (2), r de Tourtille (13/04/20)
R du Pressoir, Oberkampf 11+ (2), r de Tourtille (13/04/20)
R du Pressoir, Oberkampf 11+ (2), r de Tourtille (13/04/20)
R du Pressoir, Oberkampf 11+ (2), r de Tourtille (13/04/20)

R du Pressoir, Oberkampf 11+ (2), r de Tourtille (13/04/20)

Twits 15/04/20 : The government has talked about compensating caregivers for overtime. Could it be otherwise? And a bonus! What generosity, my lords!
Increase the salaries of all caregivers! Those of nurses are among the lowest in the OECD.

15/04/20 : China, the initial home of Covid-19, struggle by confinement, tests (tracing, isolation in dedicated premises), masks, gestures of social distancing. France does exactly the same thing: without mask, without test, without dedicated places. Remain confinement and gestures outside.

15/04/20 😛opularity according to merits? Merkel, 79% +11, the Danish PM, Me Frederiksen, 79% +40, the Austrian chancellor, S. Kurz, 77% +33, the Dutch PM, M.Rutte, 75%, V.Orban, 71%, G. Conte in Italy 71%, B. Johnson 61% in the UK, D. Trump, 43%, Macron, 40% + 7.

Twit 16/04/20 :Progressive deconfinement and insufficient masks. To encourage the production of handmade masks, Castaner will offer a gathering of veiled women and black-blocs at Place de la Concorde.
Supervised by police without masks with a certificate from the minister

Rue de Ménilmontant (17/04/20)

Rue de Ménilmontant (17/04/20)

Twits 17/04/20 :Macron did not hear the demonstrations of the gilets jaunes, neither those against the pension reform, nor those of the hospital workers.
Does he have hearing aids? After 4 days, he hears the elderly or at risk, confined, or senators, average age, 61 years.

17/04/20 : Booking.com who has enjoyed considerable tax benefits for years, is requesting public aid of several million euros due to the current crisis(De Volkskrant, Nederland).
Booking.com only go to the cashier to cash.

Rue Julien Lacroix (18/04/20)
Rue Julien Lacroix (18/04/20)Rue Julien Lacroix (18/04/20)
Rue Julien Lacroix (18/04/20)Rue Julien Lacroix (18/04/20)

Rue Julien Lacroix (18/04/20)

The police presence is relatively discreet. Only on the boulevard de Belleville, rare checks, we were never checked. police cars pass …
Two men, without mask, stop and kiss each other under the eyes of the police.
Friday and Saturday, impression that there are more people on the boulevard, with or without mask
.

Rue des Couronnes (19/04/20)
Rue des Couronnes (19/04/20)
Rue des Couronnes (19/04/20)

Rue des Couronnes (19/04/20)

Confined demonstrations, claims to balconies …

Rue Boyer (2), r Fernand Raynaud (21/04/20)
Rue Boyer (2), r Fernand Raynaud (21/04/20)Rue Boyer (2), r Fernand Raynaud (21/04/20)

Rue Boyer (2), r Fernand Raynaud (21/04/20)

Twit 21/04/20 : The oil storage capacities being exceeded, a premium of 37 dollars is given per barrel removed.
Your bathtub can be the beginning of fortune!

R Raponneau, r de Belleville (2), r de Tourtille (2) (22/04/20)
R Raponneau, r de Belleville (2), r de Tourtille (2) (22/04/20)R Raponneau, r de Belleville (2), r de Tourtille (2) (22/04/20)
R Raponneau, r de Belleville (2), r de Tourtille (2) (22/04/20)R Raponneau, r de Belleville (2), r de Tourtille (2) (22/04/20)

R Raponneau, r de Belleville (2), r de Tourtille (2) (22/04/20)

Purchase of masks in a workshop, rue de Tourtille.
More people than the day before. Weariness? Sunny weather ?

R Jean-Pierre Timbaud 11° (23/04/20)R Jean-Pierre Timbaud 11° (23/04/20)

R Jean-Pierre Timbaud 11° (23/04/20)

Food collection at the J.P. Timbaud street mosque on the occasion of Ramadan.
A friend near Carcassonne thinks he had covid-19, which he treated with paracetamol without any problem, except three days of fever and intense sweating. At the same time, two visitors were treated one with hospitalization, the other at home.

R de Ménilmontant (25/04/20)

R de Ménilmontant (25/04/20)

Small meeting scheduled with a couple of friends, masked, with respect for distances in the square Elisa Borey, in the sun.

R de Belleville (2), rue de Tourtille (2) (26/04/20)R de Belleville (2), rue de Tourtille (2) (26/04/20)
R de Belleville (2), rue de Tourtille (2) (26/04/20)R de Belleville (2), rue de Tourtille (2) (26/04/20)

R de Belleville (2), rue de Tourtille (2) (26/04/20)

This Sunday, relative increase in walkers on Boulevard de Belleville.

R de Tlemcen, r du Pressoir (01/05/20)
R de Tlemcen, r du Pressoir (01/05/20)

R de Tlemcen, r du Pressoir (01/05/20)

Confined workers use their windows to mark May Day.
Small statistic on the boulevard: 15 people with mask, 39 without.

Twit 01/05/20 : To lie without being aware of it, you have to be very intelligent. Otherwise the contradistions appear quikly. The government these days is in full view of everyone in this situation.
It shamelessly contradicts itself. Despise citizens. Sabote democracy.

R  Picabia (2), r Rébéval,  r Rampal , r de Tourtille (5) (02/05/30)
R  Picabia (2), r Rébéval,  r Rampal , r de Tourtille (5) (02/05/30)
R  Picabia (2), r Rébéval,  r Rampal , r de Tourtille (5) (02/05/30)
R  Picabia (2), r Rébéval,  r Rampal , r de Tourtille (5) (02/05/30)
R  Picabia (2), r Rébéval,  r Rampal , r de Tourtille (5) (02/05/30)
R  Picabia (2), r Rébéval,  r Rampal , r de Tourtille (5) (02/05/30)
R  Picabia (2), r Rébéval,  r Rampal , r de Tourtille (5) (02/05/30)
R  Picabia (2), r Rébéval,  r Rampal , r de Tourtille (5) (02/05/30)
R  Picabia (2), r Rébéval,  r Rampal , r de Tourtille (5) (02/05/30)

R Picabia (2), r Rébéval, r Rampal , r de Tourtille (5) (02/05/30)

Claims windows.
Rue de Rébéval, long line in front of a craft center, for the purchase of masks at 2 and 5 euros minimum.
On the boulevard de la Villette, a fruit and vegetable merchant probably Chinese: inscriptions in Chinese and French. At the entrance, a person to disinfect the hands, one-way path, entry and exit through different doors.

 

R Saint Maur 11° (03/05/20)
R Saint Maur 11° (03/05/20)
R Saint Maur 11° (03/05/20)

R Saint Maur 11° (03/05/20)

R de Ménilmontant, r Sorbier (04/05/20)
R de Ménilmontant, r Sorbier (04/05/20)

R de Ménilmontant, r Sorbier (04/05/20)

Few people on the streets.

Twit 05/05/20 : Who will tell Emmanuel Macron and all his government that he just has to cross the street to register for Pôle Emploi?

Pharmacie r de Ménilmontant,  r Julien Lacrois, r des  Amandiers, r du Liban (06/05/20)
Pharmacie r de Ménilmontant,  r Julien Lacrois, r des  Amandiers, r du Liban (06/05/20)Pharmacie r de Ménilmontant,  r Julien Lacrois, r des  Amandiers, r du Liban (06/05/20)
Pharmacie r de Ménilmontant,  r Julien Lacrois, r des  Amandiers, r du Liban (06/05/20)

Pharmacie r de Ménilmontant, r Julien Lacrois, r des Amandiers, r du Liban (06/05/20)

Finally the masks arrive, our usual pharmacist will only have them on May 11. The claims remain. Cycle merchants dream of the first paid holidays … 1936
Second meeting with our friends at Elisa Borey square.
For the first time, certificates on the tablet. As a precaution, Anne takes a paper certificate.

Place Martin Nadaud, bd de Ménilmontnt, r du Pressoir (08/05/20)
Place Martin Nadaud, bd de Ménilmontnt, r du Pressoir (08/05/20)
Place Martin Nadaud, bd de Ménilmontnt, r du Pressoir (08/05/20)

Place Martin Nadaud, bd de Ménilmontnt, r du Pressoir (08/05/20)

The gardens are closed but the place is open for children. We applaud at eight o’clock but the doctors’ neighbors are not reassured.
Vegetable truck in the rue du Pressoir.

 Pl Jean Ferrat, bd de Belleville (3), r Julien Lacroix, parc de Belleville, r Palikao (09/05/20)
 Pl Jean Ferrat, bd de Belleville (3), r Julien Lacroix, parc de Belleville, r Palikao (09/05/20) Pl Jean Ferrat, bd de Belleville (3), r Julien Lacroix, parc de Belleville, r Palikao (09/05/20)
 Pl Jean Ferrat, bd de Belleville (3), r Julien Lacroix, parc de Belleville, r Palikao (09/05/20) Pl Jean Ferrat, bd de Belleville (3), r Julien Lacroix, parc de Belleville, r Palikao (09/05/20)
 Pl Jean Ferrat, bd de Belleville (3), r Julien Lacroix, parc de Belleville, r Palikao (09/05/20) Pl Jean Ferrat, bd de Belleville (3), r Julien Lacroix, parc de Belleville, r Palikao (09/05/20)

Pl Jean Ferrat, bd de Belleville (3), r Julien Lacroix, parc de Belleville, r Palikao (09/05/20)

Solidarity meal points in Paris, during confinement, boulevard de Belleville stores, a zebra of hope? even with a mask.

R Sorbier (2), r de Ménilmontant (3),  r Villiers de l'Isle Adam (10/05/20)R Sorbier (2), r de Ménilmontant (3),  r Villiers de l'Isle Adam (10/05/20)
R Sorbier (2), r de Ménilmontant (3),  r Villiers de l'Isle Adam (10/05/20)R Sorbier (2), r de Ménilmontant (3),  r Villiers de l'Isle Adam (10/05/20)
R Sorbier (2), r de Ménilmontant (3),  r Villiers de l'Isle Adam (10/05/20)R Sorbier (2), r de Ménilmontant (3),  r Villiers de l'Isle Adam (10/05/20)

R Sorbier (2), r de Ménilmontant (3), r Villiers de l’Isle Adam (10/05/20)

Despite the dedication of some, nothing is settled and the little beast watches …

Mr Puce, his wife and the dog

Monsieur Puce, sa femme et le chien

Confinement due to the coronavirus epidemic requires changes in daily life. Besides the drama images, in continuous information, these adaptations to the situation can also give some opportunities to smile.

***

In these days of confinement, how will the Puce spouses organize their daily walk? Authorized? Forbidden? Tolerated for specific reasons.
First difficulty obtaining a derogatory displacement certificate, dated, signed, having checked the correct boxes, the model of which is provided by the administration.

Both retirees, with no problem of childcare, no need, in the moment, of displacement for health reasons, except the short-term replenishment of essential drugs, they fortunately do not need to use the boxes 1 , 3 and 4.

Obviously a basset dog cannot walk alone and needs administrative support: it will therefore be Madame Puce. She can go out duly provided with a certificate for the needs of pets, after having checked box 5.
However, Mr. Puce, for this gallantry, will be assigned to residence because it would be excessive to provide two companions for the little darling pet. Although if Madame keeps the leash, Monsieur could be responsible for picking up the private needs of the incontinent basset …

But in order not to irritate the police, he would prefer to use a planned reason: short trips, near the home, linked to individual physical activity, for example. On the condition of running because one of his friends learned, at his expense, that walking is not accepted as an individual physical activity!
And at 84, there is no question of going back to running. He doesn’t even have the right outfit, including athletic shoes. Impossible to buy. Perhaps, brisk walking, a little slowed down, but with two sticks … Box 5 is therefore still excluded.

There remains box 2: travel to make essential purchases in authorized establishments. In the absence of brioche, Monsieur Puce will go and buy the daily baguette when Madame walks the nice basset hound.
So it will be possible to walk. In the company of Madame but it will not be a marital walk. To comply with the instructions and set a good civic example, he must stand, forward or behind his wife, more than a meter, or better on the sidewalk opposite.

This regulatory distancing is not, however, unbearable.

Fortunately, it is not compulsory inside the home.
 

Monsieur Puce, sa femme et le chien

Coronavirus and politics

Coronavirus et politique

The coronavirus epidemic is an opportunity to verify that communication and forecasting are difficult arts that have little to do with information and facts. When communication dominates information, it is not surprising that it is distorted to the point of inconsistency to obtain the expected behavior of the population. Politicians, fleeing their responsibility, then questioned the indiscipline of the French.

But politics is also a difficult art.

The municipal election decision demonstrated this. Emmanuel Macron knew he would be severely criticized by the opposition. All that remained was to make the decision that seemed most fair and consistent with all of the decisions taken in managing the coronavirus crisis.
If it had postponed the municipal elections, the opposition would have cried out for fear of the presidential party’s electoral debacle, the attack on democracy, the dictatorship. He consulted, in particular, Gérard Larcher, president of the Senate, second state figure, François Baroin, president of the Association des maires de France (AMF) who opposed the postponement.

The decision taken, everyone fell on him, especially the little comrades of Larcher and Baroin…

This position may have seemed questionable. Especially since it did not concern the second round and therefore made all the results difficult to proclaim. It became completely incomprehensible on Saturday after Edouard Philippe’s announcements to stop everything except the elections!
To wonder who governs the President of the Republic or the head of government.

Of course, the President and the Prime Minister hide behind the advice of the Scientific Council. According to Checknews, the president of this council, Jean-François Delfraissy declared: One of the decisions taken by the president of the Republic is to advise […] a very strong reduction of the social life of the people above 70 years . However, these people will have access to the shopping every day. The question asked was: finally going to vote is comparable to going shopping in a supermarket. The scientific council considered that there was no element to think that there would be a risk for these people provided that the elections are organized in a practical way […]. The risk was no greater than the possibility that they would be allowed to continue shopping « (Liberation 15/03/20).
There is, however, a small difference: people over the age of 70, even less than others, cannot wait several months for shopping. It was possible for the municipal elections without endangering the Republic. The Council could have given the same opinion for the second, the third, the umpteenth round: whatever the circumstances. The polling station is unlikely to be more dangerous than the market!
It is only an opinion, the decision belongs to the President of the Republic.

To judge the future evolution of the epidemic, everyone relies on the figures published in the different countries which were the first countries affected by the coronavirus. To do this, we must have confidence in the figures, always provided by the States, and, to compare them, they should be collected using the same methods.
Concerning contaminated subjects, it is strictly impossible: each country having its policy of enumeration and its practice of tests. Which can, moreover, vary over time.
This does not preclude the publication of the daily data and their comparison.

The death toll is certainly more reliable if it is not handled by governments. According to information provided by China, affected long before France, there are more than 3,000 deaths since the start of the epidemic for 1.5 billion people. There are less than 400 in France for 67 million inhabitants. And some tell us, if nothing is done, between 300,000 and 500,000! Which should be reached in about a month at the current rate of growth, doubly every 3 or 4 days !!!.
Inconsistency of the figures?

Of course, a tsunami is not necessary to exhaust the human and material possibilities of hospital services. For 11 months, heads of hospital departments have been on administrative strike, not to ask for a salary increase, that everyone knows how to do, but to ask for additional resources in terms of equipment and personnel to cope with daily difficulties. Even if the coronavirus is no more than a seasonal flu, which we do not hear about, it is an additional flu which greatly increases the number of cases that hospital services must deal with. With personnel who are themselves affected, more than the population by the virus.

Everyone agrees, the means are insufficient. As for responsibilities, it is the fault of others: Scientific Council, politicians, people who do not follow the instructions …

Should we recall the statements of each other to feel their side … derisory? Christophe Castaner (Minister of the Interior), attentive had made his calculations, false moreover: There are on average 1,000 voters per polling station. With a 60% turnout, or 600 people coming to vote in the space of 10 to 12 hours, that amounts to 30 to 40 people per hour in the same office. This avoids physical contact.

Differences in Agnès Buzyn’s statements (health Minister) in a few weeks. It is unfortunate, especially for her, that she did not speak earlier if what she says now is true. If she thought a tsunami was coming …

Public health has suffered from the accumulation of organized shortages for years. Today, President Macron discovers the benefits of what, since taking office, he has striven to reduce further. Public service, the concept of public service. He pays tribute to the professionals to those he has refused to hear for months, not just to the hospital workers … A tribute is good and it does not cost much : We have in France the best virologists, the best epidemiologists, renowned specialists, clinicians too, people who are in the field and whom we have listened to, as we have been doing since the first day. Everyone has told us that despite our efforts to curb it, the virus continues to spread and is accelerating. We knew it, we feared it.

He knew everything! As Agnes Buzyn says. Before this war as before another, there was no shortage of a gaiter button. The only thing missing is the masks which are ineffective today but which are likely to be highly recommended tomorrow when they are available (For FFP2 masks, 70 to 80% of the masks purchased in Europe come from Asia). There is a lack of hydroalcoholic gel, the use of which is recommended. Much more serious, there is a lack of hospital beds, respirators which, moreover, are not made in France

In a survey conducted in June-July 2009, the number of resuscitation beds identified was 4,769 compared to 5,707 places in 2006, the number of respirators in resuscitation 7,007 in 2009 and 9,236 in 2006.
According to the OECD, in 2018, out of 35 countries, France ranked 19th for the number of intensive care beds: Japan (7.8 beds per 1,000 inhabitants), South Korea (7.1), Germany ( 6), Lithuania (5.5), Slovak Republic (4.9), Poland (4.8), Hungary (4.3), Slovenia (4.2), Czech Republic (4.1), Estonia (3 , 5) and Latvia (3.3), France (3.1), Italy (2.6), United States (2.4), Spain (2.4), United Kingdom (2.1).

To see the consequences, just compare the number of deaths in Germany, France, Italy … taking into account the lag in the onset of the epidemic.


Now, the President of the Republic is ready to draw the lesson: what this pandemic already reveals is that free health care without condition of income, course or profession, our welfare state are not costs or charges but precious goods, essential assets when fate strikes … that there are goods and services that must be placed outside the laws of the market… delegate our food, our protection, our ability to care for our living in the depths of others is madness … The coming weeks and months will require breaking decisions in this sense. I will assume them.

Everything was known ! Was planned! Why this delay in action? Why this political reversal?
But as the promises are only binding on those who believe in them, perhaps it would be good to retire Emmanuel Macron for services not rendered to the population. At least.

Coronavirus et politique

Macron: from solidarity to finance

Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance

The Macron revolution is coherent, it is paraphrased from a famous statement: everything that is good for the first of the rope is good for all the French. It consists of replacing the logic of solidarity with an individual financial logic. Some examples.

Macron replaced the ISF (Solidarity Wealth Tax) with the IFI (Real Estate Wealth Tax). Which consists in subtracting financial wealth from the solidarity tax to allow its holder to invest as he sees fit: in other words, to subtract from public decision, from public interest, from solidarity, to give to individual decision , in search of profit which can, of course, lie in investing in French companies (advanced reason) or foreign companies or better in hedge funds or investments of which one of the most powerful is known today by all: BlackRock, the world’s largest asset manager, with nearly $ 7 trillion whose main customers are institutional investors (Wikipedia). The company displays exceptional operating profitability: buy without hesitation (JDD 18/01/20).

Maintaining the tax on real estate wealth is an incentive for the most fortunate to disengage from investment in real estate, taxed, to switch to investment in finance, not taxed.
However, it does not seem that there is too much housing in France!

This small gift with declining state resources is accompanied by the reduction of 5 euros per month per household in Personal Housing Assistance (APL). Reduction of levy for large. Recovery on the poorest!

Macron : de la solidarité à la finance

On February 1, the Livret A and Livret du développement durable rates will be lowered to 0.5%, the historically lowest rate, with inflation close to 1%. For the Ministry of Finance, the rate of the Livret A is no longer intended to cover that of inflation (Le Monde 12/01/20).
There are 55 million Livret A in France because it is the easiest way for many individuals to have some resources available in case of need. The ministry thinks that this drop in rates should encourage to put the savings in more dynamic investments! More risky! Encourage the poorest to risk their savings! To become a merchant! To tell small holders that they should invest them is to push them to take risks, to convert to stock market speculation? Waking up can be painful in the event of an economic downturn or unexpected funding needs.
It was possible to lower the investment ceiling (currently 22,950 euros) and reserve this advice for holders of the most stocked notebooks! Small Livret A holders will probably be content to see their savings deteriorate rather than risk losing them.

The executive knows that its decision is very unpopular and concerns practically all households that hold one or more Livrets A. The remuneration has become paltry. For Bruno Le Maire, maintaining a rate of 0.75% would have been irresponsible in relation to our policy of investment diversification. And irresponsible for the thousands of people waiting for social housing. In fact, reducing the rate to 0.50% will make it possible to build 17,000 additional social housing units and renovate 52,000 of them each year. The measure penalizes savers but would strengthen the housing policy … He forgets to say that to compensate for this drop in the rate of Livrets, he forced social landlords to reduce rents and therefore their means.
In other words, he organized a 3-band coup on the back of the poor and a more discreet operation, for the benefit of the banks. Because they benefit from 40% of the sums collected: they will remunerate this savings at the rate of 0.5% instead of 0.75%: a gift of 400 million euros (Liberation 18/01/20).

It is interesting to note that the minister justifies this measure by pitting small and poorly housed savers, not to mention the benefits that banks derive from it.
He never said how many homes could have been built with the amount of the gift made with the removal of the ISF.

Macron : de la solidarité à la finance

The reform provides for a single retirement contribution rate of 28.12% on wages, but income above 120,000 euros per year will not give entitlement to retirement and will only be subject to a rate 2.81% of contributions, used to help balance the system. The sums which will not contribute to the balance of the system, on salaries above 10,000 euros per month, give a lot of hope to private insurance or other pension or investment funds.

Emmanuel Macron’s Liberal Revolution is underway: all free, all equal, all fraternal; all punters, all against all.
Never stand in solidarity!

NB: even if work resumes without the total withdrawal of the reform project, the strikers have obtained a certain number of concessions. And no one knows what will happen in the days, weeks to come …
One thing remains, the strikers are suffering a lot financially. Financial solidarity will be appreciated. Morally. Financially.

https://www.cgt.fr/actualites/france/retraite/mobilisation-solidarite/caisse-de-solidarite-envers-les-grevistes

Below are some images of the January 16, 2020 demonstration in Paris. With greater participation from the teaching and cultural communities …
And also police: on the route, many streets were closed by wire barriers …

Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance
Macron : de la solidarité à la finance

Interim provision, condition, threat

Interim provision, condition, threat

Disposition provisoire, condition, menace

In a letter to the social partners, the reformist Édouard Philippe is willing to replace the pivotal age with the balanced age of 64 in the plan to reform the pension system.
And, as often, the form confirms the substance. Édouard Philippe does not withdraw, he is, in majesty, willing to withdraw, temporarily. Subject to an agreement between the social partners before the end of April. And under threat of taking by prescription the measures necessary to reach equilibrium in 2027.

Laurent Berger, adorning himself with peacock feathers, is proud to have obtained the withdrawal of the pivotal age, a victory for the CFDT! Of course the strike month has nothing to do with it! But he considers it necessary to continue (his) action for a fairer and more united retirement system!


The social partners? Medef agrees, we will not increase contributions. The CFDT also (the CGT is not, in the eyes of the Prime Minister, partners). If, unexpectedly, the CFDT did not agree, what could it do to oppose the orders? Definitely not a strike. Laurent Berger doesn’t like that. Neither demonstrations. If the CFDT had clearly joined the inter-union, the government would not have waited more than a month to abandon a measure that was not planned by Emmanuel Macron!

Who, for the moment, has played well. In the background, he let Édouard Philippe and the CFDT play, to oppose. To get the chestnuts out of the fire at the cost of a long strike, a few transitional measures that do not change anything fundamental to his initial plan. If not to multiply the paths facilitating the division of workers and ultimately leading to the goal decided initially.

Still, it’s not all over. Laurent Berger surpasses satisfaction. MEDEF savored, almost in silence. But the discontent builds up. It will speak. In two (municipal) months? In two years (presidential)?

The President of the Republic, the Prime Minister will not always get by on skills. By multiple categorical variants of transition to arrive at a universal regression system. By a new great debate. Multiple small debates (ecology, police). Macron, at mid-term, did not spark the creative enthusiasm he imagined after his election but two years of hard conflict.

What will this new long conflict lead to, without any real concessions? On bitterness, resignation? On the revolt? A unit, of low intensity certainly, is being born between Yellow Vests and trade unionists. Will it find its political extension?

The President of the Republic, the Prime Minister will closely follow the social movements of next week.

  • Some images of the demonstration of 11/01/20

Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace
Disposition provisoire, condition, menace

Reform pensions… with fists !

Reform pensions… with fists ! (Réformer les retraites… aux poings : Jeu de mots point/poing)

President Macron and his government want to distort (déformer/réformer) pensions, in particular by abolishing special regimes, by establishing a point of financial equilibrium … (1) He has also decided to abolish the regime of the President of the Republic.
Could have done better for health and social security: retire.

Little story

In 1982, an ordinance instituted retirement at 60, for 150 quarters (37.5 years) of contributions, at the full rate of 50% of the average annual salary.
It was the good old days !
In a few weeks of 1993, Édouard Balladur tackled pensions in the private sector: the contribution period for full-rate retirement rose to 160 quarters (40 years), with a discount of 2.5% per missing quarter. The pension, calculated over the best 10 years, progressively over the 25 years, is no longer indexed to wages but to inflation.
How to separate active and retired workers.

The new world on the move (La République en marche) follows the old pattern of unraveling.

É. Philippe: current retirees will not be affected by the reform. Understood by people aged 65 and over, the only age group which, at 49%, supports the project. Also supported by executives / intellectual professions above 55% against 27% of intermediate professions, 19% of employees and 16% of workers (2).

Today, under the general regime, the legal retirement age is 62. In practice, workers leave full rate at 63.3 years after 41.3 years of activity and the amount is calculated over the best twenty-five years.

To push for its reform, the government puts forward two strong arguments: abolish special regimes, create an universal and just regime.
Communication is closer to advertising than to the truth.

The government counts 42 special regimesalongside the General Regime, the Mutualité sociale agricole, the Social Security of the self-employed. In the special regimes, 3 groups: civil service (civil and military officials), companies and public establishments, other regimes around a profession or a company.

The Labor Code (code du travail) recognizes 10 special regimes with 418,776 contributors, 1.4% of the active population, and 930,277 pensioners, according to estimates by the Social Security Accounts Commission for 2019. By integrating civil service and regimes assimilated to regimes special, this total climbs to 4.7 million contributors, or 15.7% of the working population, and 4.3 million beneficiaries (3).

The Ministry of Health and Solidarities puts 11 regimes on the list fixed by decree in December 2014.
In its annual reports, Social Security (Séccurité sociale) estimates that there are 13 special and assimilated regimes but does not take into account civil servants, sometimes integrated into special regimes.

In front of this historical diversity, incomprehensible to ordinary people but the fruit of past struggles, Macron speaks of a universal, egalitarian system.

Beyond the intention and over the declarations, the complexity of the situations makes it necessary to adapt to social realities and the balances of power that multiplies the initial, unique model. De Gaulle, more modest, ruled the country of 258 varieties of cheese…

If a Macron reform is successful, there will be a diversity of 10, 11, 13 or 42, with two points in common: tougher conditions for access to retirement and reduction in pensions.
All, progressive to be less confrontational …
Liberation has published a list of special plans with the number of contributors and pensioners… (appendix 1)
To stay quantitative, contributors / pensioners, a few examples show strong differences. To this should be added the diversity of methods: rate, duration of contribution, pension level, etc.
The current conflict mainly affects: 2,058,000 civil servants and contributing military personnel for 2,355,000 pensioners; 2,223,000 territorial and hospital officials for 1,155,000 pensioners; 143,000 contributors to SNCF in 2017, 261,000 beneficiaries

Conversely, some plans have a few dozen contributors or pensioners and are in the process of disappearing: the last beneficiary of the Hérault railways fund died in 2017.

The candidate Macron’s program in 2017

Macron proposed an universal pension system where an euro contributed would give the same rights, regardless of when it was paid, regardless of the status of the contributor … without affecting the retirement age, in pensions and the pay-as-you-go system (système par répartition).

Behind this announced simplicity, the reform must take into account many specific cases: caregivers, family situations, life accidents, unemployment, hardship … In total, 132 pages by Jean-Paul Delevoye, to present his proposals, without responding to all questions (4).

The government project

Behind the declarations, simplification, justice, universality, appeared the idea of the government, especially of Edouard Philippe, the pivot point at 64 years because the increase in life expectancy would involve the need to increase the years of work .
Which has not been the case until recently.

É. Philippe does not hide the financial nature of this point: it will be up to the steering body of the future system, made up of union and employer representatives, to chart the way to financially balance the system in 2027. So according to his agenda: age of balance, 62 years and 4 months in 2022, 64 years in 2027 to clear the deficit. With the possibility of retiring earlier with a reduced pension (penalty) or later with a bonus.
Objective, more than 3 billion euros in savings in 3 years (5).

The pension system has a variable deficit: 2.9 billion euros in 2018, 0.1% of gross domestic product (GDP), according to the Orientation Council for Pensions (COR). According to another report, the deficit could reach 7.9 to 17.2 billion euros in 2025. But spending on pensions should remain stable between 2018 and 2030, from 13.5% to 14% of GDP.

Revenue and expenses

The increase in life expectancy, in number of elderly people and in number of retirees are facts. Revenue and spending on retirees are choices. To obtain their balance, one can increase or decrease expenses and / or receipts.

Discreetly, successive governments have decided to reduce revenues by exempting certain social contributions, reducing public services …
Amputated revenues, it is proclaimed the deficit and to restore balance, reduce spending is necessary by a new method of calculating pensions including the famous point or the number of retirees by raising the retirement age …

Reform pensions… with fists ! (Réformer les retraites… aux poings : Jeu de mots point/poing)

The question of increasing revenues will not be asked. However it is possible: by fixing the same rate of levy to all, which is not the case for high incomes (6), by taxing capital income, by aligning the wages of women on those of men, by regularizing undocumented workers, by fighting against illegal work which would remove unfair competition … but we reduce the number of labor inspectors…

All measures that would increase the return of contributions.
Especially by reducing the number of unemployed, the main plague of society: we prefer overtime work, without social security contributions, the lengthening of the working years, instead of favoring the distribution of work.
Work less to work all?
The choice is made: reduce expenses when the number of elderly people increases! It can only be by reducing the amount of pensions and the number of pensioners!

É. Philippe is committed: when converting points into a pension when an active person retires, a contributed point will always be worth an amount equal to or greater (but not less) than the basic amount entered in the reform (7). Even if inflation is galloping? How will Philippe be able to keep his word in a year, two years … if another government passes a law that contradicts its promise?

Those who retire at the pivotal age will receive a pension calculated on the normal value of the retirement point. For those who leave before, the value of the point will be reduced, for those who leave after, the point will be improved in the same proportions, X% per year… (7).
Another encouragement to work more at the expense of those who cannot find a job.

It revolves a lot around the pivot!

After proclaiming, loud and clear, that it is going to unify the pension systems, the government must adjust the pivotal age according to certain criteria and … power relations.

The Minister of the Interior has already made derogatory promises to his troops who support him as the rope supports the hanged man… after the defection of 3 CRS companies during a Parisian demonstration … He announced the maintenance of the advantages of special police regime … the retirement age (52 for men in uniform and 57 for commissioners) and retirement calculated like everyone else, over the entire career but including all bonuses … resulting in pensions equivalent to those of today. But following a declaration by Macron ensuring that the military maintained their regime, the police demanded a future pension plan aligned with that of the gendarmes, which was more advantageous (8).

Like what, the fight pays especially that of the police, essential to an austerity government which handles austerity and stick.

The bonuses would also be included in the calculation of pensions for public sector employees. Compensation for those who receive it: 20% of the remuneration but varies greatly from one agent to another. Those who receive little or no bonus have a lot to lose, especially teachers (9). For them, it is the salary that would be highly upgraded.
In addition, a bonus of 5% retirement points will be granted for each child from the first and another 2% for families of 3 or more children (10).

Bonuses could also be granted depending on the arduous nature of the work (11). Despite Macron’s class contempt for whom far too many French people have no sense of effort. And who does not love the word of arduousness because it gives the feeling that work is painful !!!
However, courageous, Jean-François Cesarini, former socialist, deputy of LREM, and humorist (dark), proposes, for the teachers, a weighting linked to suicides by job, which proves the painfulness.
Bad idea for J-M. Blanquer (minister of Education) because the average suicide in Education (5.85 per 100,000) is far below the national average, or 16 people per 100,000 in 2012 (12).

Will farmers get this hardship bonus? The 2014 ONS report reported their excess mortality by suicide, more than 20% above the national average, with approximately one suicide every 2 days (13).
The increase in life expectancy is, for the government, an argument in favor of a later retirement. No for its modulation! Jean-François Cesarini could have used it as a criterion. It is, perhaps, unwelcome for a ex-socialist now LREM. At 35, the life expectancy of a worker is more than 6 years lower than that of a manager according to INSEE, average between 2009 and 2013 (14).
Shouldn’t that be taken into account for retirement age?

Better still life expectancy in good health: number of years that a person can expect to live without suffering from incapacity in the gestures of daily life. In 2016, it was 64.1 years for women and 62.7 years for men according to the DREES (Direction de la Recherche, des études, de l’évaluation et des statistiques) (15).
Life expectancy, without sensory and physical problems, for managers 35 years old is 34 years (35 +34 = 69), for workers, 24 years (35 +24 = 59). The majority of workers are in poor health before they even reach the pivotal age! Managers live longer, healthier, have higher and longer pensions (16).
The pivotal age of financial equilibrium seems more telling for the government than the pivotal age of human equilibrium!There has been talk of the dangerousness of certain trades, and workplace accidents? In 2018, 651,103 accidents, 2.9% more than in 2017: including 551 fatal in 2018, 530 in 2017, not including farmers, self-employed workers, civil servants. No one will be surprised that their frequency is higher in construction and public works, 73.2 per 1,000 employees, then sailors, 64.8, than in banks, insurance and administrations, 9.9 per 1000.

The fatality rate for occupational accidents among seafarers is the highest, 0.461 per 1000 seafarers and 0.748 per 1000 fishermen. Risk 5 times higher, 8 times for fishermen, than in the construction industry with 0.093 per 1000 employees and 15.6 times higher than in all professional sectors combined with 0.0295 per 1000 (17).
Of course, other professions are also at risk: pruners, roofers, the steel industry, garbage collectors … (18).

The Prime Minister was anxious to reassure the military, the police and hospital workers, by undertaking that the arduousness of their profession is indeed a criterion in the calculation of their pension (19).
What can sailors, pruners, openers … and everyone else do to make themselves heard?

Reform pensions… with fists ! (Réformer les retraites… aux poings : Jeu de mots point/poing)
Macron’s motivations in this reform are multiple President of wealthy
He canceled the financial wealth tax to favor, without much success, in the financing of French companies. It prepares the enrichment of the most favored by opening the market for future complementary pensions to pension and investment funds. And the assurances as long requested by those who have clearly stated that they want to destroy the social benefits of the Liberation? Against intermediate bodies
Trade unions. One could think that he was going to play on the break between the reformers of Laurent Berger and the CFDT … and others in favor of retirement on points and help the CGT … in his loss of influence. By maintaining his support for the pivot that was not in his project, he has acted, so far, his refusal of the outstretched hand of Laurent Berger, a supporter of the Macron reform (points), opposed to the Philippe reform (pivot). Does he think that the moment is favorable for him that he can go further and mount public opinion against all unions? Does he want to be the French Thatcher? He thinks he has overcome the GJ (gilets jaunes) by the use of force, the most important since the war in Algeria, with the damage that we know, does he hope to succeed in opposing the population to the privileges and the nuisance of strikers with the help of the major news media? Macron and the European Union.
Rid of the social question, he will finally join the group of good pupils of European liberalism. With a fragmented opposition, the next presidential election is likely to be very similar to the previous one. It will then be able to play an important role on another scale as the United Kingdom engages in Brexit and when Germany loses its international weight with the departure of Merkel and the rise of the populist of the far right.   1 – Analyse retraites, excellent four pages by the strikers of Insee. https://tendanceclaire.org/contenu/autre/Analyse_Retraites_Comite_mobilisation_Insee.pdf
2 –
https://elabe.fr/reforme-retraite-septembre2019/
3 – https://www.lesechos.fr/economie-france/social/retraite-les-regimes-speciaux-en-quatre-graphiques-1153152
4 – Le Monde 12/12/19
5 – Le Monde 13/12/19
6 –
Le Monde 12/12/19
7 – Le Monde 21/12/19

8 – Le Figaro 22/12/19
9 – Le Monde 12/12/19
10 – Le Monde 12/12/19
11 – JDD 13/12/19
12 – Ouest-france 08/11/19
13 – Le Monde 03/02/16 
14 – https://www.inegalites.fr/Les-inegalites-d-esperance-de-vie-entre-les-categories-sociales-se-maintiennent?id_theme=19
15 – Le Monde 19/02/19
16 – https://www.inegalites.fr/Les-inegalites-d-esperance-de-vie-entre-les-categories-sociales-se-maintiennent?id_theme=19
17 – http://actualites-nautiques.com/marin-le-metier-le-plus-dangereux-au-monde/
18 – Reconversion 13/11/19https://www.reconversionprofessionnelle.org/metier-dangereux/
19 – Le Monde 21/12/19 Annexe 1 : In France, how many special regimes and how many recipients Luc Peillon, Libération, 24/09/19

Référendum d’initiative partagée (Referendum of shared initiative) or requiescat in pace

Référendum d'initiative partagée  ou  requiescat in pace

At the request of parliamentarians, deputies and senators, and after consultation with the Constitutional Council, the government had to put in place the collection of signatures in favor of a possible referendum on the privatization of Aéroports de Paris.

The procedure of the referendum of initiative shared (RIP), established in 2008, is activated for the first time, on April 10, 2019: 248 deputies and senators (the law demands at least a fifth of the parliamentarians) of the opposition, communists, rebellious, republican, socialist, submit a bill for the group Aéroports de Paris (ADP) is considered a public service. On May 9, the Constitutional Council judges that the required conditions are respected and fixes the number of necessary supports to 4,717,396. The Ministry of the Interior opens the online platform to collect support for the bill whose collection is open until March 12, 2020 (1)(Referendum.intérieur.gouv.fr).

With modalities such as the first candidates to support the petition, probably the most motivated, have often had to do it several times! How many citizens have given up or will give up during registration?

The signature can be done also in some town halls. In each canton, the most populated municipality has been mandated to register them. It is therefore necessary to sign the petition by internet, either to go to the town hall of the town or to another town hall of the canton !! Additional barriers to support.

This petition is intended to support the organization of a referendum for or against the privatization of ADP.  Indeed, if the necessary number of signatories is reached, the National Assembly and the Senate will have six months to consider or not the proposal. If neither chamber examines the text, the President of the Republic must hold a referendum for or against privatization.


But if one or both Houses take the text, whatever they do, there will be no RIP. Given the government’s overwhelming majority in the National Assembly, it will be easy for it to put the proposal on the agenda and block the referendum and popular debate on privatization.

The government’s bad faith is focused on the democratic and political nature of the process. It wants to prevent any possibility of direct decision-making by the French people.

Référendum d'initiative partagée  ou  requiescat in pace

The RIP is a perfect demonstration of the democratic nature of the Republic: it must remain in its constitutional box. With even the intention proclaimed by the candidate Macron to facilitate its use (2). But fiercely attacked by his government and its supports from the announcement of a beginning of procedure: the Republic, at least the representative democracy, would be in danger if one applied a constitutional law put in place by the Parliament and whose procedure is triggered by parliamentarians !!!

If the RIP can not be applied without risk for the representative democracy, it is useless to speak about the RIC, referendum of citizen initiative wanted by the Gilets Jaunes ! The Giets Jaunes (Vests yellow) can not be deluded on the question: the RIC will not see the day …

The bad will of the government is explained. Some of its decisions, automatically endorsed by a National Assembly with orders, could be challenged by a RIP on the initiative of some parliamentarians.

What is much more surprising is the silence of the groups and parliamentarians who are behind this petition.

How many public meetings? How many collectives? How many leaflets? How many posters have been organized, published, broadcast? What made the interest of the 2005 referendum is not only the result, which was despised by parliamentarians. It is above all the popular mobilization which has been of political value and which has allowed the understanding of the Draft European Constitution, and its rejection by very many citizens.

Those who govern have learned the lesson. This profound movement of concrete democracy must not happen again.  Politicians and the media have understood that it is easier to amuse voters with policy-related issues like doping with sportsmen or with rivalry between candidates as they do for a sporting event.  If the candidate, once elected, does exactly the opposite of what he announced, there is no possible recourse for the fooled citizen.

It is not the same for a text that everyone can read, explain, dissect, publicly or in small groups. And refuse.

Référendum d'initiative partagée  ou  requiescat in pace
Référendum d'initiative partagée  ou  requiescat in pace

French democracy, like many others, is the power given to the oligarchs, the competents. Who know what is good for all. In their eyes, the people are competent to elect, freely, one of their interchangeable candidates. It is no longer able to read, discuss, understand a text and determine essentially according to this text. To vote after a real debate.
Emmanuel Macron does not hide his game. He has shown what he means by A Great National Debate.


The petition launched, the number of signatures obtained can have a considerable impact. It would be a serious political mistake to neglect to participate. It can change the ratio of political forces.
If the signatures are few, it will support Emmanuel Macron in the idea that he has carte blanche to continue his austere policy. Not only the privatization of ADP or any other nuclear company to hydroelectric dams but its liberal policy of destroying the state and social laws. As he already did for the labor code.
A successful petition will not necessarily stop the privatization of ADP. The procedure can be blocked at the level of the National Assembly. But a very large number of signatures, despite the governmental obstacles, will change the balance of power. Already, the battle of the Gilets Jaunes, even if they have not obtained satisfaction on everything – just think of the ISF (wealth tax) or the APL – requires Emmanuel Macron to be less brave and hold his whip …

The petition can show him that he can not always override the will of the people, that he simply has the choice to submit his policy to the judgment of the people that can be done by referendum or by …. new yellow, red, green or rainbow vests …

From this perspective, it is extremely desirable that collectives set themselves up to multiply signatures. The debate is important. It is not about the privatization of ADP alone or …

But on the possibility for citizens to take control of some of the power and to facilitate the realization that we can not leave in place a person who only defends the interests of some! Do not sign the petition, it is not only to take a stand for the privatization of ADP, it is to vote against the practice of the RIP, it is to leave the hands free to Macron.

Référendum d'initiative partagée  ou  requiescat in pace

The result would be terrible for Macron if millions of citizens claimed a real debate. The defeat would be terrible if the 4 million signatures were not obtained regardless of the maneuvers undertaken to limit the mobilization.

If the number of necessary signatures is not obtained, it means a wide avenue open to Emmanuel Macron on privatizations and not only …

The RIP will be able to rest in peace in the texts. The citizens will have been voted out. How will they react? What color will the next vests be?

Référendum d'initiative partagée  ou  requiescat in pace
Référendum d'initiative partagée  ou  requiescat in pace

1 – The citizen who wants to support the petition must, with his identity and elector cards , complete a questionnaire on his civil status. It should mention the information as it is written on his cards including all the first names.  The collection officially ends on March 12, 2020 at midnight. For now, the pace of collection of signatures is largely insufficient to obtain the number needed for success. See adprip.fr website


2 – On April 25, President Macron says he wants to « go further » on the RIP « by simplifying the rules, allowing the initiative can come from citizens, a million citizens who would sign a petition and that it can prosper in draft law and if it was not examined by the assemblies, go to the referendum « (L’Express 16/05/19).

Référendum d'initiative partagée  ou  requiescat in pace

Brazil Solidarity

Solidarité Brésil
A gathering in solidarity with democratic Brazil took place today in La Villette.

A friend met, on this occasion, told me this half-joke: « In the Brazilian presidential election, some voted for a real fascist candidate thinking he was bogus, so as to avoid the election of a candidate they took for a true communist when he was only a phony communist. « 

Some pictures of this gathering.

Solidarité Brésil
Solidarité Brésil
Solidarité Brésil
Solidarité Brésil
Solidarité Brésil
Solidarité Brésil
Solidarité Brésil
Solidarité Brésil
Solidarité Brésil
Solidarité Brésil
Solidarité Brésil
Solidarité Brésil
Solidarité Brésil

May the Tide rise

Que la Marée monte

After each event, the discussions revolve around the number of participants. With various estimates, inconsistent, all suspected, more or less correctly, of lies. From there, the comments of journalists, trade unionists, politicians are more of an exercise to satisfy the constituents than to open perspectives according to reality.

In meetings or small events where it is possible to count the participants, it is easy to see that the organizers declare numbers higher than reality, most often double, so as not to despair … For events concerning a few tens or a few hundred participants away from the masses and Billancourt … The truth is revolutionary but … within certain limits.

The numbers have 2 functions. The first: to satisfy the participants, to show that the decision was the right one, that we win, that we won …
The second: to check, to establish a more favorable balance of power.
The government and, we must hope, the unions and the politicians, make their analysis not according to the figures proclaimed but figures closer to reality.
For those who want to make comments from the encrypted reality, it should not be very complicated. In particular to compare the degree of mobilization. As far as Paris is concerned, the figures of the Préfecture de police and those of the organizers, which sometimes differed from 1 to 4 or 5, were available to satisfy, to encourage the militants … For some time, the observers have counted made by a private company for a group of newspapers from right and left …
Of course, these results are not absolutely reliable. And from this point of view, the company Occurrence announces, for September 12, 2017, 29,329 demonstrators, to unity, against the reform of the Labor Code in Paris, falls into absolute ridicule. But admitting an error of 10% in the counts of the Préfecture de Police and Occurrence, the results of these two counts are not very far and in any case closer than that of the organizers: 60 000.
Immediately, the independence and direction of the sponsoring newspapers and the agency were challenged. And the method used. There had never been so many questions about the police counting methods and of course even less about those of the organizers …
The reflection and the meaning of the demonstrations is partly masked by these comments on how accounts avoid talking about why events and their relative importance. This is in addition to the scrambling due to the action of the Black Blocs which are listed more material effects and how they act than the why ….
Is it so necessary to know the exact number of participants? To have a solid basis of reflection, is it not enough to take the series of figures produced by the same sources (Table 1) ? It’s easy to do for those of the Prefecture of Police and Occurrence. More difficult for the numbers proposed by the organizers especially if they are different according to the demonstrations because their imaginative capacity is different. Sometimes in competition.

Table 1: Participation in the various events of the spring of 2018 according to different sources of counting.

Day
Police Organizers Occurrence
22/03/18 49 000 65 000

47 800

24/04/18 11 500 50.000 15.300
01/05/18 34 500 55 000 CGT
05/05/18 40 000 160 000 FI 38 900
22/05/18 15 000 50 000 FO
30 000 CGT
16 400
26/05/18 21 000 80 000 CGT 31 700

For the events of this spring, according to the figures of the Prefecture, it was the March 22nd demonstration which had the most important participation, followed by that of May 5th (La Fête à Macron), which seems to confirm the enumeration of Occurrence. And for both, Préfecture and Occurrence, May 5th has gathered more people than the 26th … It remains to explain these post-modern mathematics invented by the left where 500 + 500 = 400!
François Ruffin and Dominique Lordon, followed especially by LaFrance insoumise, gather more people on May 5 than the 65 organizations, including La France insoumise, grouped behind ATTAC and the Copernic Foundation!

Is it necessary to attribute the success of La Fête à Macron, to François Ruffin’s personal factor associating youth, new methods, recent appearance in the political world? At the strong mobilization of La France insoumise… ?
Or the least mobilization of La marée populaire pour l’égalité, la justice sociale et la soidarité (the popular tide for equality, social justice and solidarity) of May 26, to a more traditional form, to a unitary call with the ulterior motives of each, the conditions of this unity, together but each at a different place… weariness in the face of repeated demonstrations, the strikes that continue without apparent decline of the government and the president?
Que la Marée monte

Be that as it may, the day of 26 was the day of an important national demonstration. By the number of participants in Paris, even if we would have liked it to be higher … But even if what happens in Paris always has a more important echo, the 26th, La Marée was also organized in 190 cities in France then that May 5 was only in Paris.
In a relative union of associations, unions (even if not all of them …) and political parties of the left, a relative union because these organizations were in the parade but not together.
Classically, in Paris, social demonstrations, policies against nationalization, attacks on social security …, are largely white, neighborhood populations do not participate or little. A touch of color is often brought by the presence of groups of undocumented (Les sans-papiers) or members of the CGT or Droit au logement (Right to Housing).
The proportions are reversed when it comes to struggles against facies checks, discrimination, police slippage. Or to claim a memorial for the victims of slavery …..

This time, the Adama committee had called to participate and take the lead of the procession. Popular neighborhoods have not landed en masse but it’s a start.

 

Que la Marée monte

Everyone knows now that the President of the Republic has chosen his side, that he attacks the popular masses on all fronts at the same time. That it is the same president who accentuates the desertification of the countryside (removal of hospital services, post offices …), persecutes asylum seekers, like previous governments, abandons neighborhoods with the setting in a drawer of the report Borloo that he had asked for, dismantled the labor code, reduced the number of civil servants, subsidized jobs and social budgets, attacking whistle-blowers, abolishing the PLA, privatizing and reducing taxes for the benefit of the richest …
May 26th was the first step, it is hoped that social, labor and political organizations are aware of the expectation of all categories of people. So that La Marée populaire pour l’égalité, la justice sociale et la solidarité (The People’s Tide for Equality, Social Justice and Solidarity) rises, from all sides, from all social categories, at the same time.

Some pictures of the event

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