To the victims of colonial slavery

Français

 

Aux victimes de l’esclavage colonial

On May 23, 1998, a Walk was organized to honor the memory of the victims of colonial slavery. This march brought thousands of people from the Place de la République to the Place de la Nation (Paris) and had an important role in the adoption of the Taubira law recognizing slavery as a crime against humanity and in actions that led to May 10, National Day commemorating the abolition of slavery and May 23, the National Day in tribute to the victims of slavery.

The March Committee of May 23, 1998 (CM98) organized, on May 23, 2018, a silent demonstration, from the Place du Louvre to the Place de la République  Republic:

IYesterday we walk pure our ancestors, today we walk for our children.

In the morning, republican ceremonies took place in different localities of the Ile de France: Creil, around the monument of the names of slaves, Meaux, Place Aimé Césaire, Grigny, Esplanade of human rights, around the monument of names of slaves, Saint-Denis, Monument to Slaves, Villeneuve Saint Georges, Sarcelles, around the monument of the names of slaves, Marly-la- ville, Garges les Gonesses, Louis Delgrès Round Point, Villiers-le-Bel, Gonesse, Parvis of the Commemoration of the Abolition of Slavery.

Place du Louvre was held a brief ceremony of prefiguration of the Memorial of the names of slaves, led by Greg GERMAIN, actor and director of theater to which have spoken several personalities including the president of CM98, Serge ROMANA, Professor of Medicine in Paris Descartes, Audrey PULVAR, Dominique SOPO, President of SOS Racisme, Mari-Jose ALIE, Aissa MAIGA, the representative of Anne HIDALGO… and Christiane TAUBIRA, former Minister of Justice who delivered a remarkable speech.

The march ended with a show Place de la République and other speeches.

The CM98 set up a genealogy workshop and found the names of 120 000 people freed and appointed in 1848: 213 of them are exhibited on monuments in Sarcelles and Saint-Denis, 1700 on the Book of Names, to Abymes in Guadeloupe.
This workshop allowed many West Indians to trace their ancestors in Africa and the origin of their name.

The CM98 declares itself for a memory of slavery, freed from resentment and allowing the reconciliation of the descendants of slaves with the descendants of slavers …
It advocates the fraternity against racism which finds, in part, its origins in the colonial slavery and colonization.
The names of those, black or white, who contributed to this abolition, are more or less known: the victims of slavery have disappeared from history. The CM98 obtained the creation of a Memorial in the Jardin des Tuileries, with the names attributed to slaves who became free after the decree of abolition of slavery of April 27, 1848.

Some pictures

 

 Président Serge ROMANA,

Aux victimes de l’esclavage colonial

Some speakers

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Place du Louvre

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Publicités

CANNES 2018, Cinema, Life

CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie

Français

 

Fifty years later, some would have wanted a tribute, a commemoration or even a remake of MAY 68. But Cannes 2018 was, simply, in the news of the life of the world even if Me Too can be considered as a distant replica or an unfinished part of the events of May 68.

 

The films presented in Cannes are often an echo of history, stories, the world. This year, even the Palmarès testifies and some seem to regret it. Cannes would no longer climb the steps like yesteryear and elsewhere, lack of glamor …

 

Cinema is also an industry conditioned by technical and financial means paving the way for new ways of telling and spreading stories, VR, selfie, VoD .

Threats or perspectives for the cinema and the Festival ?

Me Too and Cannes

Me Too exploded in the United States. The phenomenon touched / poured Harvey Weinstein, huge personality who reigned a long time on the cinema and in Cannes, in the light and knowledge of many who were accommodated of his behavior.
Can the Cannes reactions be enough, not to erase this past but to change things?

 

Other cinema personalities were then blamed especially in the United States … Little, for the moment, in France, before or after Weinstein.
In Cannes, one of the first to have spoken clearly, the actress Asia Argento came back to the rape she suffered: « In 1997, I was raped by Harvey Weinstein, here in Cannes. I was 21 years old. This festival was his preserve. »
She went further: « A whole community has turned its back on him, even those who have never denounced these facts. And among you, in the public, there are those who should be singled out for their behavior towards women, a behavior unbecoming of this industry, of any industry. You know who you are. More importantly, we know who you are.  »

Real threat? Some must not be quiet. The recent accusations against Luc Besson show that it is not finished. At the moment when, unfortunate choice, the Big Blue was taken again at the Cinema de la Plage in Cannes in homage to its director.

Bad deal for the Festival, which is trying to move beyond the Weinstein affair and make us forget the repeated comments at each Festival about the insufficient number of women competing, in rewards or as jury members.

This year, women were the majority in all the juries of the Festival, 16 against 9, and a woman chaired the jury of the Competition and that of the Camera d’Or.

The figures, concerning the works of selected women, are less favorable, 15% (against 5% on average since the creation of the Festival), 20% all sections combined (Competition, Un certain regard, Hors competition, Sessions speciales, Cannes classics, Cinema de la Plage). As for the rewards, and not all of them have the same value, 5.5 were awarded to men (Palme d’Or, Grand Prix, Director, Scenario ex-aequo, Palme d’or spéciale, Camera d’or) and 1.5 to women (Prix du Jury, Scenario ex-aequo).

The Festival was marked by various events: a day devoted to the place of women in the Seventh Art, publication of thirty or so ideas aiming at equal opportunities (Le Lab Femmes de cinéma); round table on the representation of women in the cinema (Nespresso Talents); conference on the parity in the exploitation (Rendez-vous of the operators Art et Essai); Woman in Motion for highlighting female talent (Kering); conference on the future of Me Too (Swedish Film Institute); speech by Cate Blanchet, president of the jury and Agnès Varda before the screening of Filles du soleil; the 50/50 Collective organized by 82 women actresses, directors, technicians, producers, screenwriters, exporters, distributors, agents, who stopped at halfway to symbolize the blocking of the social ladder and professional: 82, the number of films made by women and selected in competition since the creation of the Festival, less than 5% of the total; climbing the steps of a group of 16 black women dressed by the same designer: Black is not my job

 And especially the signature by Thierry Frémaux (Festival), Paolo Moretti (Quinzaine des réalisateurs), Charles Tesson (Semaine de la Critique) of a Charter to be proposed to all international festivals on the selection procedures of films, especially the transparency of the members of the selection committees and the programmers (1).

Through these initiatives, have the Festival and the cinema gone beyond their role of witness or precursor to get directly involved in the current societal movement, have they found a way to rebound positively?

CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie

                About some movies

The program of this 71st Cannes Film Festival was generally praised for its quality and diversity, even if no film was unanimous, not overwhelmed by all the others or announced a new way of doing cinema. Some disappointed, none scandalized.
The prizes awarded could be discussed but did not give rise to any real challenge.

The Festival, all categories combined, continued to give an important echo to world affairs, especially but not only to the place and role of women in society, in very different societies.

As part of Cannes classics, a film Be natural: the untold story of Alice Guy-Blache  tells the story of Alice Guy, born in 1873, in Saint Mandé, France. Secretary at the Comptoir Général de la Photographie of Léon Gaumont, she created in 1896, La Fée aux choux, the first fiction film. She then turns more than 200 films of all kinds: comedy, fantasy, pursuits … Invented special effects: slowed, accelerated, superimposed, faded … Sent to the United States, she would have created between 1000 and 8000 films: we only know nearly 150 today … (2).
In 2016, Cannes classics had already made known the role of women in the beginning of cinema in Hollywood: And the woman created Hollywood: Et la femme créa Hollywood (3).

 

Beyond these late recognitions, films made by women were presented as Girls of the Sun, these Kurdish women who fight against jihadists to free their city and find their family. This film was little appreciated by critics in Cannes (4).

Sofia, the film of Moroccan director Meriem BenM’Barek tells the difficult situation of a young women, pregnant, out of wedlock, who will fool the whole family, save the honor and arrange the affairs of everyone except, perhaps to be, of whom she marries (5).

In Se rokh (which would be better translated by Three Portraits than Three Faces), a girl from a village in a remote Turkish-speaking region of Iran, dreaming of becoming an actress, sent her filmed suicide to a famous actress who has not answered her many previous messages: call for help in front of her family oppositions she encounters. The disturbed actress immediately abandons filming (6).
The Three faces are those of a young girl rejected by the village who is devoted to painting, we hardly see, that of the guilty actress and that of the suicidal woman. The film also shows the ignorance of the popular and rural milieu by an actress who makes them dream and that they all know. And the help that villagers expect when they see in their village a possible authority.
Jafar Panahi opens the film by giving a selfie a dramatic role: for the first time in the cinema? This filmmaker who has problems with the Iranian government has already used the new techniques to foil censorship. With a mobile phone, he realized, cheaply, 20 000 euros, Taxi Tehran and gave a vision of the city of Teheran according to the races … (7).

Todos lo saben, (Everybody knows) another Iranian film, Asghar Farhadi, was also in Competition. Filmed in Spain and in Spanish,!
Laura returns from Argentina with her children for the wedding of her sister who reunites the whole family except her husband who could not come for material reasons. The unfolding of the wedding (note the drone shots of the wedding) is disturbed by the kidnapping for a ransom of Laura’s daughter. Look for the woman…
This event is revealing of what everyone in the village knows, but what silence has been about for 16 years and Laura’s departure with her husband for Argentina. Revealing long-hidden feelings within a family until money problems burst. Film about love, paternal love, filiation, money … and the gear of lies despite the passing of time …
The first minutes allow the director to indicate his intentions: enclosed space in the bell tower, gears, clock, married seen through the bars of the balcony or grids … (8)

In Girl (9), Viktor, 15, wants to become a girl and a dancer at any cost, with the support of her father. He is taken care of by a medical team for hormonal treatment before surgery. While following demanding dance classes. Although very beautiful young woman for those who look at it, it is easy neither on the physical level nor on the psychological level.
The Danish Girl had already told the love story of Gerda Wegener, a young married man, the first person to undergo an unfortunate surgery to change sex in 1930 (10).

 

In Laskovoe Bezrazlichie mira, (The tender indifference of the world), the death of a landowner in Kazakhstan, the widow forced her medical student daughter who had interrupted her studies to help her father, to go to his uncle who will marry to buy back the debts of the father.
She goes to the city, accompanied by her childhood lover but despite their courage, they will not manage to escape the uncle and his corrupt friends (11).

In Manbiki Kazoku (A family affair), a father and his son, after a few petty larceny, bring home a girl who has been the victim of family abuse. She enters a welcoming family, grandmother, parents and a little boy. A family that lives on small thefts and hidden revenues of the grandmother.
This film is reminiscent of Italian neorealism: a united family, warm, in a poverty faced by a minor delinquency … It will be destabilized by justice and the discovery of a heavy past (12).

 

Yomeddine (13): on the death of his wife, Beshay, leper healed but disfigured that his father has deposited at the leprosarium and never came to seek despite his recovery, decides to return home. With his old cart pulled by a donkey who died on the road, accompanied by a young Nubian orphan, he will undertake a long journey full of incidents … Despite everything, they arrive at the goal and find the father.
The two heroes are frightened at the choice that is offered to them: to reintegrate into a normal world they do not know, who does not know them and where they have to make a place. Or return to the unhappy cocoon where they were known and recognized. Find their forgotten administrative identity or keep the identity lived for years.
On a close theme, Lean on pete, a US film currently on the screens, tells the long march of a young man who leaves an inconsistent father and a disadvantaged environment, with a horse that he saved from the slaughterhouse and dies by the path. More optimistic, the young find a distant aunt who will give him the warmth of a home (14).

There is talk of a different youth in Weldi (15). Samir, a young Tunisian, prepares his baccalaureate but some difficulties arise, migraine, vomiting, which worries the parents. Three days before the exam, he disappears … gone to Syria.
Faced with the call for jihad, parents, society have to offer a small family life mediocre where it is only about credits, promotion, plan ass, a whole way of life whose calls to jihad denounce hypocrisy …
Finally, Samir will only show signs of happiness when he introduces himself, through Facebook, his family life, his child, to his parents. But in Syria ….

Another country, another youth, another violence in El Angel, according to a true story. A young Argentinian petty bourgeois, a thief by vocation, sinks into an increasingly serious crime with multiple murders (16).

Climax begins with a long and beautiful sequence of hip-hop, during a dance workshop. At the buffet, the sangria enriched with LSD, which nobody seems to know, will trigger a long collective delirium and painful … Omar did not want to drink … (17).

 

 

              Carlos Diegues

Carlos Diegues

 

O Grande circo mistico of Carlos Dieguez(The Great Circus Mystic), Fred, whose doctorate is celebrated, learns that he is not the son of the mother who raised him but a woman, friend of the family, Empress virgin, exiled. In compensation, he gets a circus for the beautiful girl he loves. This circus, with some beautiful scenes, well filmed, will be transmitted, from girl to girl, through hazardous filiations until the 21st century. And will end with a graceful flight of trapeze twin sisters in a society where the castle of the Virgin Empress has become a large parking lot.
It is necessary to go very low to reach a certain grace (18).

In the Italian film Dogman, Marcello runs a dog care-taking and dog-grooming shop and rounds up his income by selling cocaine to his friend, Simoncino, a former boxer, who pulls him into a scrap. Not wanting to denounce his friend, he receives a year of jail. Upon his release, he asks Simoncino for his share of loot. But must face a powerful accomplice who does not want to hear anything. To get rid of it, he knows how to use the instruments of his trade … (19).

 

 

Spike Lee, Blakkklansman, recounts with humor the true story of an African-American who engages in the police and is primarily responsible for administrative tasks. Dissatisfied, he is transferred to infiltrate African-American independence and falls in love with a beautiful girl, president of the student movement. He refuses to follow the line of black supremacists and decides to infiltrate the KKK by telephone, relayed by a Jewish colleague for physical participation.
In tune with the news, the film ends with the racist demonstrations of Charlottesville and Donald Trump … (20).

 

The state against Mandela and the others, trial of Nelson Mandela and his co-defendants through period images, statements of survivors. The actual trial, interrogations in court, recorded statements of the accused, is illustrated by black and white drawings (21).

 

Samouni Road reports on Israel’s « hardened lead » operation in Gaza territory during which 25 people from the Samouni family were killed.
The film, long applauded, reconstitutes remarkably this operation and its consequences through documents of the Israeli army and stories of the family of the victims. The film is illustrated with animated images and its soundtrack is terrifyingly realistic … (22).

 

In Zimna Wojna, a black and white film, a musician and a dance teacher form a school to resume Polish folk songs and dances. They are so successful that the authorities urge them to put their talents to the service of the Revolution, Party, Stalin … The dance teacher refuses but not Wiktor, the musician. In love with a particularly talented singer, he carries out his business. Which allows them to travel. They decide to go to the West but only Wiktor leaves for Paris. Where, again, he will choose to live the compromises. They will meet, will leave … He will eventually leave to find her in Poland but …
Passionate love in situations that make it impossible … (23).

In Leto (Summer), young people, along with Mike, have formed a musical group that is meeting with some success in Leningrad under the watchful eyes of some authorities. A new band arrives with Viktor, with a Eurasian, more talented face, which is immediately perceived by Mike, at the height of his glory. Musical competition, competition with Natacha …
Leto describes a youth fascinated by the Western world, essentially musical in the Leningrad of the 60s-80s. The groups try to build a counter culture that triggers the enthusiasm of young people. The phenomenon is similar to that experienced in the West with a few years of lag. Without homosexuality, drugs, AIDS … and with the same masculine domination, the groups are masculine and the fans especially feminine…
Not everyone can achieve fame … One commits suicide, the hero adulated, Mike, understanding the value of his competitor, puts his foot in the stirrup and continues his life, ordinary employee with a mundane family. Only Viktor …
The film gives pride to the music but also delusions, colorful images that embellish the reality and touch the musical (24).

With Gongjak, (The spy gone north), the song is not the same, the cold war aspect is current. In this South Korean espionage film, a former officer, who has resigned and converted into business, is back in action to try to take stock of the development of the nuclear industry in the North. After many adventures, the preliminaries to the meeting with the supreme leader are remarkable, he collaborates with a North Korean to try to unfreeze the situation between the 2 countries. They succeed but will have to pay the price.
News movie at the time of the thaw between North and South Korea and proposed meeting with Donald Trump (25).

 

Among the French films, Plaire, aimer et courir vite (26) and En guerre (27) are wrong to come after. After 120 battements par minute (28) who had the Grand Prix, last year in Cannes for the first and the second after La loi du marché  (29), with the same actor, Vincent Lindon, already awarded at Cannes in 2015 by the Male Performance Award.

 

 

 

                         Cédric Hérou

                 the hero of the movie

CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
Libre (To the four winds) is a news documentary: how to foil the police, the gendarmerie, the army so that asylum seekers, isolated children can arrive at the Alpes-Maritimes prefecture? For adults to be able to apply for asylum? For children to benefit from care? In both cases, how to enforce the law by the authorities? Without going to prison: this is the problem of Cédric Hérou and all those who incur sanctions for offense of solidarity (30).

 

                          Michel Toesca
the director

CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie

La traversée, Romain Goupil and Daniel Cohn-Bendit  wants to take the political pulse of the country.
In the first part, Daniel Cohn-Bendit questions with empathy various elements of the French population, active or retired, always proud and happy of their work, despite the difficulties.
On the political level, they do not hide their point of view, defense of EELV and attack of the extreme left …
But they only give the floor to Emmanuel Macron, whom they affectionate, to the mayor of Béziers, to sympathizers or militants of the FN, to whom, finally, they offer a platform (31).

                  Romain Goupil

CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie

Some restored films are presented at the Cinema de la Plage, open, free to the public, such as Au feu, les pompiers (32) and Baghdad Cafe (33).

But it is especially the role of Cannes classics that allows to see or review, in good conditions, old movies: Battements de coeur  (34), Driving Miss Daisy (35), A ilha dos amores (36).

Or to discover, for example, Enamorada (37), restored thanks to Martin Scorcese.

 

                  Martin Scorcese

CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
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During the Mexican Revolution, the Revolutionaries take the city, their general (Pedro Armendariz) is preparing to do social justice a little expeditious but he was, in the seminary, the best friend of the pastor, become notable. Moreover, he falls in love with the girl of the local cacique, with the fine size, the big eyes and the strong personality (Maria Felix).Thanks to the love of the two protagonists, to the remorse of an old commander who did not know how to keep his wife when he was young and through the priest who shows the beautiful girl the meaning of the Revolution, everything will end well .
Mexican Viva Zapata, 1946, before Viva Zapata of Elia Kazan, 1951, with a melodic side, just what it takes, a folklo side (Song Che bonitos ojos tienes, under the window of the beautiful), a bit of theology of the liberation before the hour.And also a lot of humor.
 

In Cannes classics, a portrait of Ingmar Bergman, Searching for Ingmar Bergman (38) of Margarethe Von Trotta, has been screened through old and new interviews and extracts from her films. And by Mark Cousins, The Eyes of Orson Welles, (39) a remarkable cinematic analysis of the awesome Orson Welles, the multiple facets of his personality, the filmmaker, the political, the lover, and his character, the king, the buffoon , the knight … through his films as a director or actor, his drawings, his statements …

                        Mark Cousins

CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie

Other films seen:

Le livre d’image de Jean-Luc Godard, 85 mn, Compétition, Palme d’or spéciale.

Un couteau dans le cœur de Yann Gonzalez, 90 mn, Compétition.

Under the silver lake de David Mitchell, 139 mn, Compétition.

The house that Jack built de Lars Von Trier, 155 mn, Compétition.

Solo : a star wars story de Ron Howard, 135 mn, Hors Compétition.

Whitney de Kevin Mac Donald, 120 mn, Hors compétition.

Die Stropers (Les moissonneurs) de Étienne Kallos, 106 mn, Un certain regard.

Gueule d’ange de Vanessa Filho, 108 mn, Un certain regard.

In my room de Ulrich Kohlern, 119 mn, Un certain regard.

Cinq et la peau de Pierre Rissient, 95 mn, Cannes Classics.

             Cinema, Cannes,
   an industry and a market

 

A diffuse fear hangs over the cinema and thus on the Festival itself.

In the past, cinema was the only way to create and broadcast animated images. But this monopoly was questioned first by television, to which it responded with bigger screens, color, sound quality, special effects, multiplexes, comfort … and confectionery … Omnimax remained an attraction.

Today, cinema is confronted with multiple innovations that are not only technical:

Multiple sound and image recording possibilities are now available to everyone. Frank Cousins, presenting his film The Eyes of Orson Welles, wondered what Welles could have done, freed from financiers and producers, thanks to the use of miniaturized and powerful devices. As Iranian Panahi started to do it.

The possibilities of diffusion by internet and at low costs also open to the creators who will be able to seize it. From now on, the films can even be proposed to the selection of the Festival by this means!

But the giants of the broadcast on demand (VoD) like Netflix and Amazon which combine production and diffusion outside the movie theateers with a huge concentration of means already occupy the ground.
The cinema has managed to get along with television, which has become, in France, a major source of capital invested in film production. Is it possible that it is the same with the world giants of production and diffusion?
Or is it a fight to the death?

Digitization can give a second life to old films in good conditions. Who will take control?

For the moment, virtual reality is still looking for its industrial and commercial model …

The Cannes Film Festival is held in the spring, Venice and Toronto at the end of the summer. It would be a more favorable moment for the visibility of the films before the supreme consecration of the Oscars.

Cannes is still the world’s largest film market, but Toronto is in place and Venice has entered the sector.

For the moment, the films offered in Cannes are still numerous, the selection team had to choose between the 1906 films received (against 800 in 2011) to retain a score for the films in competition and a hundred, all categories combined.

 

On the red carpet of beautiful in light clothes, under the carpet of heavy greenbacks …

1 – Le Film français 16/05/18

2 – Be natural : the untold story of Alice Guy-Blaché de Pamela B. Green, 120 mn, Cannes classics

3 – Et la femme créa Hollywood de Clara Kupperberg et Julia Kupperberg, 52 mn

4 – Les filles du soleil de Eva Husson, 115 mn, Compétition

5 – Sofia de Meriem BenM’Barek, 80mn, Un certain regard, Prix du scénario

6 – Se rokh (Three faces, Trois visages) de Jafar Panahi, 100 mn, Compétition, Prix du scénario ex-aequo

7 – Taxi Téhéran de Jafar Panahi, 2015, 86 mn

8 – Todos lo saben d’Asghar FARHADI, 132mn, Compétition

9 – Girl de Lukas Khont, 105 mn, Un certain regard, Caméra d’or, Prix de la Fipresci, Queer Palm, Prix d’interprétation à Un Certain Regard pour le jeune Victor Polster

10 – The Danish Girl de Tom Hooper, 2015, 119 mn

11 – Laskovoe Bezrazlichie mira, (La tendre indifférence du monde) d’Adilkhan Yerzhanov, 100 mn, Un certain regard

12 – Manbiki Kazoku (Une affaire de famille) de Kore-Eda Hirokazu, 121 mn, Compétition, Palme d’or

13 – Yomeddine de A.B. Shawky, 97mn, Compétition

14 – La route sauvage (Lean on pete) d’Andrew High, 121 mn

15 – Weldi (Mon cher enfant) de Mohamed Ben Attia, 104 mn, Quinzaine des réalisateurs

16 – El Angel (L’ange) de Luis Ortega, 120 mn, Un certain regard

17 – Climax de Gaspar Noé, 95mn, Art Cinéma Award, Quinzaine des réalisateurs

18 – O grande circo mistico (Le grand cirque mystique) de Carlos Diegues, 105 mn, Hors compétition

19 – Dogman de Matteo Garrone, 102 mn, Compétition, prix mérité d’interprétation masculine pour Marcello Fonte

20 – Blakkklansman de Spike Lee, 128 mn, Compétition, Grand prix

21 – The state against Mandela and the others de Nicolas Champeaux et Gilles Porte, 105 mn, Hors compétition

22 – Samouni road de Stefano Savona, 128 mn, Quinzaine des réalisateurs, Prix du jury de l’Oeil d’or

23 – Zimna Wojna (Cold war) de Pawel Pawlikowski, 84 mn, Compétition, Prix de la mise en scène.

24 – Leto (L’été) de Kirill Serebrennikov, 126 mn, Compétition

25 – Gongjak, (The spy gone north) de Yoon Jong-Bin, 141mn, Hors compétition

26- Plaire, aimer et courir vite de Christophe Honoré, 132 mn, Compétition

27 – En Guerre de Stéphane Brizé, 113 mn, Compétition.

28 – 120 battements par minute de Robin Campigno, 135 mn, 2017. 

29 – La loi du marché de Stéphane Brizé, 93 mn , 2015

30 – Libre (To the four winds) de Michel Toesca, 100 mn, Hors compétition, Mention spéciale de lu jury de l’œil d’or

31 – La traversée de Romain Goupil, 139 mn, Séances spéciales

32 – Au feu les pompiers de Milos Foreman, 75 mn, 1968, Cinéma de la Plage

33 – Bagdad café de Percy Adlon, 104 mn, 1987, Cinéma de la Plage

34 – Battements de cœur de Henri Decoin, 97 mn, 1939, Cannes classics

35 – Daisy et son chauffeur, Bruce Beresford, 100 mn, 1989, Cannes classics

36 – A ilha dos amores de Paulo Roca, 169 mn, 1982, Cannes classics

37 – Enamorada d’Emilio Fernandez, 99 mn, 1946, Cannes classics

38 – Searching for Ingmar Bergman (À la recherche d’Ingmar Bergman), 99 mn, Cannes classics

39 – The eyes of Orson Welles de Mark Cousins, 115 mn, Cannes classics

Some views of  Cannes

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CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie

In the morning

CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie

The party is over

CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie
CANNES 2018  Le cinéma, la vie

The party in Macron (La fête à Macron)

La fête à Macron

Français

The Fête à Macron, a festive event launched by François Ruffin and Frédéric Loridon, was a real popular success.
It is enough to note that the demonstration began on the Place de l’Opera (Paris) at 12:30 and ended Place de la Bastille … well, much later. How many people will have participated in the 5 or 6 hours of the event? And how to count them?

This is to say how difficult it is to make a reliable count by putting yourself on one or two points of the course when many of the participants came at the beginning only to picnic on Place de l’Opera, when others took the procession on the march or went directly to its terminus …

When we love, we do not count and it is useless to want to decide between the appreciations of the ones and of the others which go from more than 39 000 participants to 160 000! To say the importance of the event, just remember that the Prefecture of Police found more participants on May 5th than May 1st.

It must also be added that the authorities had announced incidents for the May 1st demonstration and that this coud cool some potential participants.

If the aggressive expression of Fête à Macron was able to shock some, what struck on the Place de l’Opéra, cleared of all car traffic, it was the festive calm … the picnic has invaded the steps of the Palais Garnier, the sidewalks and even the asphalt and the sellers of sandwiches, drinks, books in solidarity, the associative stands and music …

Of course, behind the quiet calm of a happy crowd to be there with the nice weather back, to say its rejection of right-wing and…  right-wing politics, the political battles continue. It was an event launched by François Ruffin and La France insoumise was everywhere but we could also note the presence, perhaps small in number but how symbolic of trade union formations and leftist politics.

This allows to hope for a manifestation, even more important, truly unitary, already announced for May 26.

Some pictures…

 

 

 

 

Place de l’Opéra

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Throughout the procession

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May 1st Unitarians

Unitaires du Premier mai

Once again, unity is not workers’ day. Neither at the union level nor at the political level. And the active Black Block participation occupies the media. Is there a link between the two phenomena?

The Unitarians are numerous, not only on May First Day.

The unity has long been between the governments of the European Union to impose the same austerity policy on all peoples.
Emmanuel Macron set out on March to accelerate this movement of questioning, frontal, of all social benefits for the benefit of the rich and especially the richest as his predecessor says.

Result of austerity for all in the countries of the Union: rise of the extreme right which also builds its European unity around the French far right, the first of May in Nice. With unity attempt with extreme right from immigration issues.

Meanwhile, the Unions can not organize a unitary parade because of a deep division between those who hope for a softening of this or that point of Macronian counter-reforms and those who wish defeat them, overall.

Leftist parties are not left behind.
On April 30, on the Place de la Republique in Paris, 9 organizations of the left, and they were not all there, proclaimed in front of a few hundred participants, in the rain it is true, more or less incantatory slogans : necessary unity, of course, convergence of struggles, general strike … And called to participate beyond the parade of May 1, with more or less enthusiasm, to the many events to come: May 3, for the education, May 5, Feast in Macron, May 22, demonstration and strike of the civil service …

Faced with the power of the European Union, the failure of multiple strikes and demonstrations in the face of the weak Francois Hollande, the affirmed determination of Emmanuel Macron, the lack of trade union and political perspective, the wide dissatisfaction that affects all layers popular social networks can not fully express themselves.
The social hardening is reflected, at the level of the organizations, by a change of leader to F.O. Among the protesters, by the demand for a general strike, a slogan which, for the moment, is not taken up again, neither by the trade unions, nor by the mass of the workers

 

Unitaires du Premier mai
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At the political level, if the multiple parties verbally support the movement, it did not translate during the parade of May Day in Paris, by a massive presence of militants. Some say it was different in the regions.

On the Place de la Bastille, before the parade, several parties were present. On the course, some had stands. In the parade, only persisted, the PCF and its national secretary. The others had to withdraw before they could scroll. As for the international presence, it consisted mainly of Iranians, South Americans, Tamils, Turks, the Portuguese Communist Party …

For some, mostly young people, it means changing the method. The participation of the Black Blocks is the expression of this impatience. Without it being a majority, nor that it is assured of greater efficiency. But, formally directed against the government and even more against the system, it calls into question the inefficiency of all trade union and political organizations.

This involvement of the Black Blocs was known and announced by the government, which seems to have underestimated its importance. Rumor and social networks announced international participation.
Black blocks and police knew and prepared accordingly. A banner showed: this time we are organized. The police to neutralize the Black Blocks had prepared the technique of the trap, police practice of control
 (https://lundi.am/Kettling).

The two seem to see relatively worked because the Black blocs, about 1200 people, well organized, managed to tackle 29 shops and 10 cars, to burn 2 shops and 6 cars, according to the Paris police headquarters.
For its part the police trap allowed the arrest of 276 protesters of which 109 were placed in custody. With 4 minor injuries (one CRS and three protesters).

Black blocs

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Since Tuesday, the comments are going well but the spectacular side of the action, shown in chain on television and on the networks, insist much less on the motives of the ones and the others, the Black blocs which, in some declarations or by graffiti, claim to want a radical change in society and traditional protesters who oppose the widespread attack of public services and social benefits.

The violence of the Black Blocs is mostly condemned in the declarations but like all the social violence, the moral condemnation, the police repression are not a satisfactory treatment.
First, moral condemnation and police repression have not yet proved their effectiveness. Would they do that they would only make disappear one of the signs of the deep social crisis.

In their questionable way, the Black Blocks testify to the level of exacerbation that social discontent can have in some of the youth. This dissatisfaction is also reflected, in the population as a whole, by the vote for the extreme right or the abstention which reach very high levels in France and in most democratic countries.

No one can say if, where and when the alarm will take place.

Here are some photos of the May Day parade in Paris.

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Activist lily of the valley

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International solidarity

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Graffiti

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The Mac Do

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And some more pictures

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About « Le château de ma mère » from Marcel Pagnol

French

As part of the Cercle des Chamaileurs, one of us chose to talk about Le Château de ma mère. I would have preferred a play, it would have allowed us to see how Marcel Pagnol himself staged the text he had written.

This choice of Le Château de ma mère made me read 3 books of Pagnol (Le Château de ma mère, La Gloire de mon père, Le Temps des secrets), to loak at 2 films of Yves Robert (Le Château de ma mère, La Gloire de mon père) and read 2 books by Jean Giono (Regain, Le Chant du monde).

 

Conclusion: I am lost. I mix a little everything. Partly because of Yves Robert who staged some anecdotes under titles that are not accurate (the meeting of Marcel and Isabelle in Le Château de ma mère)

What does it come out of? That I am not able to do a structured article like I did on the other books discussed previously. But simply to give sometimes contradictory impressions.

First, a certain lightness of Pagnol’s books. Lightness, in the good sense of the word, that is to say pleasant to read but also lightness compared to Giono. Le Château de ma mère is a fake children’s book with short chapters (6 pages on average) that turn a bit at Le Petit Nicolas or La Guerre des boutons sometimes to Don Camillo and Peppone.
Still highlighted in Yves Robert’s film.
The first hundred pages of Le Château are the enchanted discovery by the young Marcel of the hills, at the beginning with the hunters of which he is the dog beater, before making the faithful dog of Isabelle, to face the big black dog, attached but terrible, to become captain of the beautiful Isabelle  and finally, with all the family, impressed by the old Mastoc, the old dog of the narrow guard.
But the true discovery is the encounter, accomplice, Lili de Bellons, younger than him in the book but larger in the film, which makes him discover, really opens the beauty of nature, wildlife, flora of the hills. With perhaps too much display by Marcel Pagnol of his knowledge of the birds. Marcel tries to give in exchange the story of the city, the multiplication table or the vocabulary of the school. But what Lili prefers is the anecdote of the bartavelles.

Yves Robert is only marginally interested in this meeting-discovery of nature: the first three minutes, including generic, are a circular view around a hill of white rocks, in the mist, under a gray sky, which leads to grosibou (gros hibou, big owl) in his cache, seen from behind, in backlight, disturbing, watching over new hills that we discover, with songs of birds, finally becoming green in a blue sky while the voice of the narrator speaks of these hills, the love of his life, and the holidays over: a car moves away from the country house, a young deboule, in sailor suit, shakes hands …

The second part of the book is made of the adventures of the little Marcel, convict scholarship, equipped to go to the bastide, genius of the plot of the mother and happy meetings of Bouzigue who has a good job thanks to Mr. Joseph, his former teacher, Marcel’s father, and his sister (sic), little virtue! Happy meeting of the scarred count, of the gardener, son of the people. Such is the people; his faults come only from his ignorance. But his heart is good as good bread and he has the generosity of children and especially the bad meeting … the guard accompanied by Mastoc.

 

 

For Yves Robert, it’s essential but it was not enough, he adds the meeting with Isabelle who is in Le temps des secrets.

The success of the book and of the film is probably due to the description of the friendly and family sentimental relations, and to a certain number of happy, picturesque formulas or words of child sometimes of an innocent cruelty. But also to situations that are affectionately ridiculed: the discreet disrespect for his father’s attachment to the Republic, to the instruction beyond his professional life, his scruples, his agnosticism… the religiosity of  Uncle Jules is never questioned.

Beyond the good words of children: il faut le démourir, (it must be indied) … On ne tremble pas pour des chasseurs à moustaches… J’avais décidé de n’aspirer à ces hautes fonctions qu’après mon service militaire. (We do not tremble for hunters mustaches … I decided to aspire to these high positions after my military service). One can be sensitive to a certain lyricism of Pagnol:  L’oreille collée à la roche polie, nous écoutions, les yeux fermés. Elle chantait selon les vents, le mistral la faisait rire…, Les parfums étaient devenus des odeurs et montaient du sol presque visibles, les pins immobiles se mirent à chanter… Leurs costumes de chasse sur les épaules de plusieurs chaises… Son visage énorme était orné de deux paires de moustaches rousses : l’une sous le nez, l’autre au dessus des yeux qui étaient bleus et bordés de cils rouges… Les gouttes de pluie coulaient lentement sur la vitre ; sur ma figure, lentement coulaient mes larmes, an image that he seems to like because he takes it again: De douces gouttes de pluie pleuraient pour moi sur mon visage (Il pleure dans mon cœur comme il pleut sur la ville ? Paul Verlaine)… La pluie tombait en gouttes de silence...

Some of these images flourish pantheism:  La vieille odeur de la bergerie… nous fit savoir… La pluie le comprit, elle s’arrêta… Les trente cinq jours… mais la patience de la pendule en vint à bout. (The old smell of the sheepfold … let us know … The rain understood, it stopped … The thirty five days … but the patience of the clock came at the end).

However, we are very far from the powerful pantheistic lyricism of Jean Giono.

Là-bas, si j’y suis

Français

Daniel Mermet recorded his program on May 68, Tuesday, April 10, at 19 hours, at Lieu-Dit, in the Twentieth

Some pictures of tray
Outside and inside the Lieu-Dit

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Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit

The recording of the show with

 

Ludivine Bantigny, an hitorian of May 68

The caregiver (LO) who arrested Emmanuel Macron in Rouen

A trade unionist (SUD) from Paris-Nord Station

A student in History of Art, from La Commune libre de Tolbiac

Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit
Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit
Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit
Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit

Daniel Mermet and Hossein, the discreet and efficient master of places

Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit
Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-DitLà-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit

And the singer of the day Charlotte.

Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit
Là-bas, si j'ysuis au Lieu-Dit

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SNCF, for the example

A tough fight is engaged against the policy of Emmanuel Macron by the railway workers, the students, the hospitable staff, the … all those who fight against the deterioration of their situation. Against the attacks on the public service.
The president of the rich arrived masked en même temps (at the same time). Today, he no longer hides his game. He succeeds François Hollande, extends his work to put France in harmony with the injustice of the world.


There are countries where the right has done its job: Margaret Thatcher broke the miners’ union in the United Kingdom in 1984-85, Reagan attacked federal air traffic controllers in the United States in 1981 (1). In Germany, it was the Social Democrat Schröder who did the job before going to collect the dividends by allant pantoufler as an independent director at Rosneft, a Russian state oil company.

 

La SNCF, pour l'exemple.

In France, François Hollande failed to complete the work and dismantle the labor code. He was fired by his friends. The king of synthesis has exploded the socialist party! He gave way to the Socialist he had gone to the bank Rothschild to make a secretary general at the Elysee and the Minister of Economy, Industry and Digital.

To achieve their goal, their technique is the same: to help employers through subsidies, tax cuts, elimination of the ISF … and, to restore the accounts, reduce social budgets. This is only possible by reducing the collective strength of the workers. By dividing them.

 

La SNCF, pour l'exemple.

They first attacked the private sector where the unions are weak but could rely on the labor code, fruit of previous victories. Hence the battle to change it, favor company agreements against branch agreements, weaken the role of labor courts, reduce the number of labor inspectors …

This change in corporate relationships is well illustrated by a change of title: the organization that bears the name, National Center of French Employers (CNPF), became the Movement of Enterprises of France (MEDEF): the bosses say, by this seemingly innocuous mutation, that they have won the class struggle that does not exist. From now on, the MEDEF, organization of the bosses, pretends to represent the whole of the company (2). The company is the bosses. No workers. Which are only an obligation to produce, embarrassing, a cost that must be reduced in one way or another … While the dividends are only the fair remuneration of the capital invested … and the wages exorbitant, golden parachutes, stock options, free shares and other benefits (golden hello …), the deserved reward for a job that has more or less satisfied the shareholders ..

Today, it is the status workers who are attacked. By a division work undertaken for a long time: recruitment of workers in CDD-to-rehearsal at the Post Office, recruitment of non-status workers at the SNCF … who are already in the post-dismantling system of the SNCF … And all the government propaganda, largely taken by some journalists who, of course, are not in the SMIC and benefit from tax loopholes

Company by company, administration by administration, the maneuver is always the same: change of status of the company which will not be denationalized but becomes a joint-stock company of which only the State is a shareholder, then the capital is open to the private sector, State remaining majority or minority shareholder with power of blocking … before being totally privatized !!!

At the same time, the notion of public service, territorial or national  solidarity, is being removed. With Equalization, the beneficiary party was able to maintain the part that was not, but that was useful to the population. With privatization, only profitable sectors, are interesting and will be maintained, those that are not profitable will be abandoned.

Privatizations have been conducted by all governments, the left or right for mzny years. Despite all the promises …
Today, after the airports of Toulouse, Nice, Lyon, it is the Paris airport that will not be denationalized but we know the probable buyer (as in Lyon): Vinci already a minority shareholder …
And of course
SNCF, starting with the most profitable lines …

To carry out this widespread enterprise, it is necessary to build a counter-fire, to manufacture false privileged to protect the truths: it is today, essentially, the workers with status …

Not the beneficiaries of tax loopholes for example: there were 418 tax loopholes in 2003, 468 in 2010, 509 today (3)! In 2016, the 451 identified tax loopholes decreased the tax revenue of the State by 85.6 billion euros! It is likely that some of these niches are useful and necessary … It is however surprising that their usefulness is such that their number increases by more than 20%, that is 91 in 15 years!

According to the syndicate of public finances Solidaires, between 60 and 80 billion euros of tax revenues are lost every year in France, because of tax fraud, and 40 to 60 because of tax optimization.
The most optimized are of course the GAFAM … who pay little or no tax in France …

Of course, there is the SNCF debt. It’s a safe bet that, whatever the future of the SNCF, the debt will be paid by the State. It is due to the investments, judicious or not, decided by the State under the influence of the local political barons and pressure groups of the BTP.
It is not due to the workers

Pensions: this is the fundamental question. The retirement of the railroads is the lock to blow up before the generalized counter-reform that will be organized in 2019.

The railway pension fund is in deficit. This deficit is accentuated every day. Indeed, the number of retired railway workers is increasing, and the number of railway workers who contribute is decreasing, in particular because of the recruitment of non-status railway workers! It can not last !!!

Once this lock has jumped, it will be the turn of the general pension system and Social Security. The population is aging? You have to work longer. An aging population has more chronic diseases? It is necessary to increase the contributions or decrease the benefits. Or better, break the Social Security, with a minimum service for the poor and private insurance for those who can pay.
Against any notion of solidarity.

It turns out that the months following the election of Emmanuel Macron have reserved a series of good news on the economic level. Growth has recovered, unemployment statistics have stabilized, and the deficit has fallen below 3%. A subject of pride for the new power, immediately challenged by the faithful of François Hollande, who attribute it to the policy of the former president.
Except that, if there is a recovery at the European level which stands at 2.3%, France is lagging behind with a rate of less than 2%. This should make the old and new governments modest about the effectiveness of their policies (4).

For the French, the problem is not there. It does not matter who gets the credit for this return to the Maastricht criteria. Rather, they wonder what this statistical happiness is for if it translates for them by the pursuit of sacrifices. What better way to be better if it is to go worse? Margins increase, dividends increase, the APL decreases, pensions decrease …

Because, in this spring of 2018, it is not only railwaymen who make their accounts … but pensioners, hospital staff, garbage collectors, Carrefour employees, Air France employees, all professions combined, students. ..
The railwaymen have the best conditions to fight. Their failure would have consequences for everyone … The defeat of the miners’ unions in the United Kingdom did not improve the situation of other workers. The prosperous Germany has introduced since 2004, with the Hartz laws of the Schröder government, the jobs at 1 euro (5). Should we be inspired (6)?

The showdown is apparently between Emmanuel Macron and the railway workers around the SNCF, its future … But it is much more than that. What society for tomorrow?
A society based on the struggle of all against all? Or a solidarity society?

 

Some images of the March 22, 2018 demonstration

 

La SNCF, pour l'exemple.
La SNCF, pour l'exemple.
La SNCF, pour l'exemple.
La SNCF, pour l'exemple.
La SNCF, pour l'exemple.
La SNCF, pour l'exemple.
La SNCF, pour l'exemple.
La SNCF, pour l'exemple.
La SNCF, pour l'exemple.
La SNCF, pour l'exemple.
La SNCF, pour l'exemple.
La SNCF, pour l'exemple.
La SNCF, pour l'exemple.
La SNCF, pour l'exemple.
La SNCF, pour l'exemple.
La SNCF, pour l'exemple.
La SNCF, pour l'exemple.

1-« The dismissal of PATCO employees not only demonstrated the president’s unwavering determination to take control of the bureaucracy, but he also sent a clear message to the private sector that the unions were no longer to be feared. » David Schultz, Encyclopedia of public administration and public policy (2004) p. 359. (Wikipedia).

2 – Reflection borrowed from Danièle Linhart.

3 – Wikipédia

4 – https://www.touteleurope.eu/actualite/economie-s-appuyer-sur-la-croissance-pour-renforcer-la-convergence-entre-les-pays-europeens.html

5 – https://www.20minutes.fr/economie/67390-20051215-economie-le-job-a-un-euro-decolle-en-allemagne

6 – http://www.nicematin.com/economie/doit-on-sinspirer-de-lallemagne-et-ses-jobs-a-1-euro-pour-lutter-contre-le-chomage-83641

Pictorial words of streets

In many cities of the world, some walls are covered with words and images often colorful, wild, free, ephemeral: popular means of expression.

Some authors who sign their works are known but most remain anonymous. Authors of the neighborhood or passage, they do not seek glory. They only want to express, to show, to passers-by just as anonymous, what they think, what they feel, what they like, what drives them, revolts them, inspires them.
And what they know how to do.

The images below, as in previous deliveries, were collected at random walks, mainly in Paris …, they are presented by themes. Some have been collected abroad.

This new series follows those of 21 March 2018 (1), 2016 (2) and Paris affected, following the Paris attacks (3)

The images are often political, protesters.

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Some may expand beyond everyday politics,

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… touching on social issues …

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… culture…

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 … poetry…

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Love is also an important theme …

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Children have their place on the walls

Mots imagés de rues
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Mots imagés de rues

In Paris, Miss.Tic appears, recognizable by her signature but by her style, her themes, her poetry …

Mots imagés de rues
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Mots imagés de rues

Images are produced every day all over the world. It is impossible to list them, even in a limited space. It should highlight, their variety and make updates renewed.

Still some unclassified images …

Mots imagés de rues
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Mots imagés de rues

Some images seen abroad,
2 in Germany, 4 in Italy .

Mots imagés de rues
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Mots imagés de rues

It is not a question of putting on the same level as the preceding images the three paintings seen in the camp of Milles.
But to recall, in a way that can be questionable, what was the camp of the Milles: internment and deportation camp, opened in September 1939, in a disused factory, a tilery, in Aix en Provence.

Between 1939 and 1942, internment of foreigners and resistants of 38 nationalities to eventually become an antechamber of Auschwitz with the deportation of thousands of Jewish, men, women and  children in August and September 1942 in the setting of the Holocaust. It is the only large French internment and deportation camp still intact … accessible to the public with the opening of a memorial site on the same site (Wikipedia)

Mots imagés de rues
Mots imagés de rues
Mots imagés de rues

1 – Le murmure des murs, 21 mars 2018

3 – Les murs ont la parole, 16 juin, 2016

4 – Paris touchée, 25 juin, 2016

The murmur of the walls

En français

Urban art has, from now on, its letters of nobility, recognized artists, institutional sponsors … Walls-museums with organized visits … But it will be question here only of the urban art as means of expression popular in the form of graffiti, texts or images, painted or glued.

These graffiti flourish around the world, works, sometimes signed, more or less ephemeral, erased, overloaded or completely covered.
Wild exedrcise, undisciplined, most often on unauthorized media, walls, storefronts, trucks … accessible to the realization and understanding of all … free, without any censorship other than that of authors who pass or not to the act, which may be covered or contested by other graffiti writers.

Reflections in the form of texts / drawings offered to the passers-by, philosophical, political, protesting, tender, disrespectful, poetic, romantic, humorous, naive, delusional, utopian or cruel, they give to see the murmur of the city (1). These images will disappear, in eight days, in a month, in a year, in an obsolescence generally not programmed but assumed, which does not depend on the quality, artistic or literary … but most often of the activity of other graffiti writers in need of expression, exposure … or private or institutional owners ..

 However, some will survive longer thanks to the patient, passionate work of those who collect them, archive them, publish them in books … (2)

The images, presented below, were collected at random walks, mainly in Paris, Belleville, East Paris, 13th arrondissement, they are presented by themes.

Some are located geographically, 6 place de la République (Paris) – continuation of Nuits debout – and 6 abroad.

This new series follows that of 2016 (3) and the images of the day after the attacks in Paris (4).

Only messages in the form of texts have been retained. Without any judgment, neither on the substance nor on the form.

The pictorial texts of images will be published later.

Le murmure des murs
Le murmure des mursLe murmure des murs
Le murmure des mursLe murmure des murs
Le murmure des mursLe murmure des mursLe murmure des murs

The political murmur of the walls of Paris.

Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique
Politique

6 on  place de la République (Nuits debout)

Pace Nuit debout
Pace Nuit debout
Pace Nuit debout
Pace Nuit debout
Pace Nuit debout
Pace Nuit debout

Immigration

Immigrés
Immigrés
Immigrés

Love

Amour
Amour
Amour
Amour
Amour
Amour

I think so I tag

Le murmure des murs
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Le murmure des murs
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Le murmure des murs
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Le murmure des murs
Le murmure des murs
Le murmure des murs

Foreign

1 in Italy, 2 in Algeria, 3 in Germany

1 en Italie, 2 en Algérie, 3 en  Allemagne.
1 en Italie, 2 en Algérie, 3 en  Allemagne.1 en Italie, 2 en Algérie, 3 en  Allemagne.
1 en Italie, 2 en Algérie, 3 en  Allemagne.1 en Italie, 2 en Algérie, 3 en  Allemagne.1 en Italie, 2 en Algérie, 3 en  Allemagne.

1 – The construction of the wall of Fermiers généraux, between 1784 and 1790, to collect tax, of course unpopular, on the goods entering Paris, aroused this anonymous words: Le mur murant Paris rend Paris murmurant.  This wall was destroyed in 1860.

2 – Among these but there are many others:
– TIENS  ILS ONT REPEINT ! 50 ans d’aphorismes urbains de 1968 à nos jours,  Yves Pagès La Découverte 2017
-STREET ART Larousse
– Les Graffitis de la Liberté, sur les murs du printemps égyptien. Editions Vent de sable Vincent Euverte 2015

3 – Les murs ont la parole, 16 juin, 2016

4 – Paris touchée, 25 juin, 2016

Black dolls and Roma artist: two exhibitions

Version française

La Maison rouge (Fondation Antoine de Galbert), presents until May 20, 2018, two exhibitions that are worth seeing, both for people living in the Île de France region and for those who are only passing through Paris.

The first, Black Dolls, consists of 200 black dolls among the 1000 from 1840 to 1940 collected by Deborah Nef. Some of which are presented below.

 

 

Black Dolls

These black dolls were made,  between 1840 and 1940, by young girls or black women, most often for white or black children.

They are of a very great diversity, men, women, with varied clothes. This presentation of dolls is accompanied by period photos, texts and a short film remarkable to place them in the context of relations between blacks and whites in the United States.

 

Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions

Photographs and a short film complete the exhibition to identify their use …

Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions

The dopsy-turvy dolls are dolls that, when we turn their skirts, show their faces black or white.
Some, without clothes, face, arm and white trunk are welded by the trunk to another doll black trunk, arms and face.
They were allegedly made by black nannies for their children and / or the white children they cared for.

 

Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions

During a trip to Brazil, about thirty years ago, at the market, a saleswoman proposed this type of dolls that can be returned, saying: « the poor and the rich« . One, with a dark complexion, the poor doll, had a beautiful but simple dress, turning it, appeared another doll, the complexion clearer, the rich with a dress much more beautiful.

A few years later, Brazilian friends brought back a doll of the same type. The difference in complexion between the rich and the poor was far less obvious.

 

Hazard ? Évolution ?

 

Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositionsPoupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositionsPoupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions

This exhibition is not only beautiful by the dolls presented, It is also interesting by its presentation that tries to replace them, by texts and a short film in the context of relations between blacks and whites in the United States.

Ceija  Stojla (1933-2013)

Ceija Stojka, an Austrian rom, was deported at the age of ten to the Ravensbrück, Auschwitz-Birkenau, Bergen-Belsen camps with her mother and siblings.
During the Second World War, 90% of Austrian Roma disappeared.

At the age of 55, she began to return to this period to give her testimony by texts, in many notebooks, some of which were published, and by drawings and paintings, more than a thousand, inks, gouaches, acrylic, of which 150 are presented in the exhibition.

These paintings were made between 1988 and 2012 over the memories. They are presented by chapters: When we drove …, The stalking … The camps … The return to life
Some pictures of this magnificent exhibition.

 

Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions
Poupées noires et  artiste rom : deux expositions

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